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Movilidad ocupacional de los inmigrantes en España

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 5

Author

Listed:
  • Antonio Caparrós Ruiz

    () (Universidad de Málaga)

  • Mª Lucía Navarro Gómez

    () (Universidad de Málaga)

Abstract

El proceso de asimilación de los inmigrantes en el país de acogida ha sido, tradicionalmente, uno de los principales tópicos en la literatura económica sobre migración (véase, por ejemplo, Chiswick, 1978 o Zimmermann, 1995). En España, la convergencia laboral de los inmigrantes hacia los trabajadores españoles se ha abordado desde diversos puntos de vista. Así, Fernández y Ortega (2008) verifican la existencia de diferencias entre la población nativa y la extranjera, con respecto a la probabilidad de participar en el mercado de trabajo y encontrar un empleo. Por su parte, Amuedo-Dorantes y De la Rica (2007) examinan si la asimilación salarial de los inmigrantes es una función creciente con el tiempo de permanencia en España, mientras que Caparrós y Navarro (2009) analizan la asimilación contractual de los extranjeros y la presencia de segregación ocupacional. Finalmente, trabajos como Simón et al. (2007) y Navarro y Rueda (2008) abordan la presencia de diferencias salariales entre nativos e inmigrantes. Los objetivos principales de este estudio son, en primer lugar, analizar los determinantes de la movilidad ocupacional de los inmigrantes entre el empleo en sus países de origen y el primer empleo en España. En segundo lugar, realizar un seguimiento de las trayectorias ocupacionales de los inmigrantes en España hasta su trabajo actual. De esta manera, se pretende verificar si la trayectoria ocupacional de los inmigrantes tiene forma de “U-shaped pattern”, según la terminología anglosajona; es decir, se contrasta si la tras la migración se produce una transferencia incompleta de conocimientos, originándose una caída del estatus ocupacional, que posteriormente se recupera con la paulatina adquisición de conocimientos específicos del país de destino. Para la realización de este trabajo, se estiman modelos de elección discreta y se utiliza la información proporcionada por la Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes (INE, 2007).

Suggested Citation

  • Antonio Caparrós Ruiz & Mª Lucía Navarro Gómez, 2010. "Movilidad ocupacional de los inmigrantes en España," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 5,in: María Jesús Mancebón-Torrubia & Domingo P. Ximénez-de-Embún & José María Gómez-Sancho & Gregorio Gim (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 5, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 44, pages 873-890 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
  • Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed05:05-44
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Cristina Fernández & Carolina Ortega, 2008. "Labor market assimilation of immigrants in Spain: employment at the expense of bad job-matches?," Spanish Economic Review, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 10(2), pages 83-107, June.
    2. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Sara de la Rica, 2007. "Labour Market Assimilation of Recent Immigrants in Spain," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 45(2), pages 257-284, June.
    3. Hipólito Simón & Esteban Sanromá & Raúl Ramos, 2008. "Labour segregation and immigrant and native-born wage distributions in Spain: an analysis using matched employer–employee data," Spanish Economic Review, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 10(2), pages 135-168, June.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inmigrantes; movilidad ocupacional; asimilación laboral;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J43 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Agricultural Labor Markets
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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