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Proximity to service providers and service utilization among welfare recipients: The interaction of place and race

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  • Scott W. Allard

    (Brown University)

  • Richard M. Tolman

    (School of Social Work, University of Michigan)

  • Daniel Rosen

    (School of Social Work, University of Pittsburgh)

Abstract

Currently, welfare programs coordinate a range of services to support work among welfare recipients and help them overcome barriers to employment. This paper considers the relationship between spatial proximity to and utilization of support services among welfare recipients. Accessibility of mental health and substance abuse service providers among welfare recipients is examined in the three-county Detroit metropolitan area and the relationship between mental health service accessibility and mental health service utilization among welfare recipients considered. Not only does access to service providers vary significantly across the metropolitan area by race and place, but these analyses reveal that greater spatial proximity to service providers increases the probability that welfare recipients will receive services. When controlling for access to providers and individual-level characteristics, we also find that African American welfare recipients are about half as likely to use mental health services as white recipients. © 2003 by the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management.

Suggested Citation

  • Scott W. Allard & Richard M. Tolman & Daniel Rosen, 2003. "Proximity to service providers and service utilization among welfare recipients: The interaction of place and race," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(4), pages 599-613.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jpamgt:v:22:y:2003:i:4:p:599-613
    DOI: 10.1002/pam.10157
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/pam.10157
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:aph:ajpbhl:1997:87:7:1144-1150_9 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:mpr:mprres:2833 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Scott W. Allard, 2002. "The Urban Geography of Welfare Reform: Spatial Patterns of Caseload Dynamics in Detroit," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 83(4), pages 1044-1062.
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    Cited by:

    1. Chris Herbst & Erdal Tekin, 2012. "Child Care Subsidies, Maternal Well-Being, and Child-Parent Interactions: Evidence from Three Nationally Representative Datasets," Working Papers 1372, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing..
    2. repec:hrv:faseco:34737827 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Vondolia, Godwin Kofi & Eggert, Håkan & Stage, Jesper, "undated". "Nudging Boserup? The Impact of Fertilizer Subsidies on Investment in Soil and Water Conservation," Discussion Papers dp-12-08-efd, Resources For the Future.
    4. repec:pri:crcwel:wp12-01-ff is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Herbst, Chris M. & Tekin, Erdal, 2012. "The geographic accessibility of child care subsidies and evidence on the impact of subsidy receipt on childhood obesity," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 37-52.
    6. Cook, Benjamin Lê & Doksum, Teresa & Chen, Chih-nan & Carle, Adam & Alegría, Margarita, 2013. "The role of provider supply and organization in reducing racial/ethnic disparities in mental health care in the U.S," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 102-109.
    7. Gregory John Lee & Gareth Rees, 2016. "Give and Take Between Households and the State: Development and Application of A Benefaction–Contribution Ratio," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 62(2), pages 362-379, June.
    8. Andrea Hetling & Haiyan Zhang, 2010. "Domestic Violence, Poverty, and Social Services: Does Location Matter?," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 91(s1), pages 1144-1163.
    9. repec:pri:crcwel:wp11-20-ff is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Alexandra K. Murphy & Danielle Wallace, 2010. "Opportunities for Making Ends Meet and Upward Mobility: Differences in Organizational Deprivation Across Urban and Suburban Poor Neighborhoods," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 91(s1), pages 1164-1186.
    11. Suhyun Jung & Seong-Hoon Cho & Roland K. Roberts, 2015. "The impact of government funding of poverty reduction programmes," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 94(3), pages 653-675, August.
    12. Chris M. Herbst & Erdal Tekin, 2010. "The Impact of Child Care Subsidies on Child Well-Being: Evidence from Geographic Variation in the Distance to Social Service Agencies," NBER Working Papers 16250, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Russell, Blair D. & Moulton, Stephanie & Greenbaum, Robert T., 2014. "Take-up of mortgage assistance for distressed homeowners: The role of geographic accessibility," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 57-74.

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