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Financial constraints and output targets in Russian agricultural production

Listed author(s):
  • Carlos Arnade

    (MTED|ERS USDA, Washington DC, USA)

  • Munisamy Gopinath

    (Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University, USA)

Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian agricultural production has experienced a significant decline. The rise in input prices relative to output prices and the lack of legal mechanisms to provide land as a collateral for loans suggest the existence of expenditure constraints. We test for expenditure constraints and prevalence of output-targeting as sources of inefficiency in addition to actual inefficiencies in 73 Russian farm regions (oblasts). Only six oblasts are overall efficient and the rest experienced profit losses from all three sources of inefficiency of up to 35.8 per cent. We find that 54 oblasts are subject to expenditure constraints, while output-targeting is still practised by 14 oblasts. Our results suggest that one-seventh of the overall inefficiency, and thus profit losses, is due to both financial constraints and output-targeting. Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of International Development.

Volume (Year): 12 (2000)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 71-84

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Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:12:y:2000:i:1:p:71-84
DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1328(200001)12:1<71::AID-JID614>3.0.CO;2-H
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  1. Mehdian, S. & Herr, Wm. McD. & Eberle, Phil & Grabowski, Richard, 1988. "Toward an Appraisal of the FMHA Farm Credit Program: A Case Study of the Efficiency of Borrowers in Southern Illinois," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(02), pages 93-100, December.
  2. Gregory Paul R. & Mokhtari Manouchehr, 1993. "State Grain Purchases, Relative Prices, and the Soviet Grain Procurement Crisis," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 182-194, April.
  3. Mehdian, Seyed & Herr, William McDaniel & Eberle, Phillip R. & Grabowski, Richard, 1988. "Toward An Appraisal Of The Fmha Farm Credit Program: A Case Study Of The Efficiency Of Borrowers In Southern Illinois," Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 20(02), December.
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