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Das Aussetzen von Beschäftigungsverhältnissen als betriebliche Strategie zum Ausgleich von Schwankungen des Personalbedarfs. Ein Update

Author

Listed:
  • Rainer Eppel

    (WIFO)

  • Thomas Horvath
  • Helmut Mahringer

    (WIFO)

Abstract

Um kurzfristige, saison- und nicht saisonbedingte Schwankungen des Arbeitskräftebedarfs auszugleichen, beenden viele Betriebe in Zeiten geringerer Auslastung Beschäftigungsverhältnisse und stellen anschließend bei verbesserter Auftragslage dieselben Arbeitskräfte wieder ein ("temporärer Layoff"). Sie wälzen damit Personalkosten auf die Arbeitslosenversicherung ab, da viele betroffene Arbeitskräfte während der Beschäftigungsunterbrechung arbeitslos vorgemerkt sind und Leistungen aus der Arbeitslosenversicherung beziehen. Diese personalpolitische Flexibilisierungsstrategie wurde bisher kaum thematisiert, spielt jedoch in Österreich seit Jahrzehnten eine bedeutende Rolle. Im Jahr 2017 waren 13,7% aller Beschäftigungsaufnahmen Wiedereinstellungen von temporär Arbeitslosen bei demselben Arbeitgeber innerhalb einer Zeitspanne von einem Jahr. Die registrierte Arbeitslosigkeit während temporärer Layoffs trug mehr als ein Achtel zur registrierten Gesamtarbeitslosigkeit bei. Sie war damit für rund 1 Prozentpunkt der Arbeitslosenquote maßgebend. Die Aussetzung von Beschäftigungsverhältnissen ist mit Kosten für die Arbeitslosenversicherung in einer Größenordnung von rund 500 Mio. € pro Jahr verbunden.

Suggested Citation

  • Rainer Eppel & Thomas Horvath & Helmut Mahringer, 2018. "Das Aussetzen von Beschäftigungsverhältnissen als betriebliche Strategie zum Ausgleich von Schwankungen des Personalbedarfs. Ein Update," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 91(11), pages 799-810, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:monber:y:2018:i:11:p:799-810
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Julia Bock-Schappelwein & Christine Mayrhuber & Andrea Egger-Subotitsch & Gabriele Schmied, 2021. "Kombilohnmodelle europäischer Länder. Vergleich und Adaption während der COVID-19-Pandemie," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 69138, January.
    2. Gabriel Felbermayr, 2022. "Wie Österreich durch die Krise kam und was nun zu tun ist," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 95(1), pages 3-14, January.
    3. Rainer Eppel & Ulrike Huemer & Helmut Mahringer, 2020. "Unternehmensmonitor Arbeitslosigkeit. Die Rolle der Unternehmen bei der Bekämpfung der Arbeitslosigkeit," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 66642, January.
    4. Julia Bock-Schappelwein & Rainer Eppel & Ulrike Huemer & Walter Hyll & Helmut Mahringer, 2020. "Abgeschwächter Arbeitsmarktaufschwung 2019 und der COVID-19-Schock im Frühjahr 2020," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 93(5), pages 363-375, May.
    5. Gabriel Felbermayr, 2022. "How Austria Got Through the Crisis and What to be Done Now," WIFO Reports on Austria, WIFO, issue 3, February.
    6. Rainer Eppel & Ulrike Famira-Mühlberger & Thomas Horvath & Ulrike Huemer & Helmut Mahringer, 2018. "Anstieg und Verfestigung der Arbeitslosigkeit seit der Wirtschaftskrise. Entwicklung, Ursachen und Handlungsansätze," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 62227, January.

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