IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Similarities And Differences Between Female And Male Entrepreneurs In A Transition Context: Evidence From Bulgaria


  • Desislava YORDANOVA
  • Tsvetan DAVIDKOV


The aim of this paper is to examine similarities and differences between Bulgarian female and male entrepreneurs with regard to a number of personal characteristics, characteristics of their ventures, and characteristics of the environmental context, in which they operate. A sample of 501 companies (282 maleowned and 219 female-owned) with a single owner is used in the present study. Data have been analyzed using a binary logistic regression. The differences in entrepreneurship identified in this paper are strikingly similar to those reported in the literature in Western countries. This could be explained with the presence of similar gender inequalities and deeply structured processes of female subordination in capitalist, command and transition economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Desislava YORDANOVA & Tsvetan DAVIDKOV, 2009. "Similarities And Differences Between Female And Male Entrepreneurs In A Transition Context: Evidence From Bulgaria," Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Financial Management and Accounting Craiova, vol. 4(4(10)_Win), pages 571-582.
  • Handle: RePEc:ush:jaessh:v:4:y:2009:i:4(10)_winter2009:p:87

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Julija MICHAILOVA, 2009. "Gender, Corruption And Sustainable Growth In Transition Countries," Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Financial Management and Accounting Craiova, vol. 4(3(9)_Fall).
    2. Powell, Melanie & Ansic, David, 1997. "Gender differences in risk behaviour in financial decision-making: An experimental analysis," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 605-628, November.
    3. Ted baker & howard E. aldrich & liou nina, 1997. "Invisible entrepreneurs:the neglect of women business owners by mass media and scholarly journals in the USA," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3), pages 221-238, January.
    4. Ruta Aidis & Friederike Welter & David Smallbone & Nina Isakova, 2007. "Female entrepreneurship in transition economies: the case of Lithuania and Ukraine," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 157-183.
    5. BodenJR., Richard J. & Nucci, Alfred R., 2000. "On the survival prospects of men's and women's new business ventures," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 347-362, July.
    6. Anna Pollert, 2003. "Women, Work and Equal Opportunities in Post-Communist Transition," Work, Employment & Society, British Sociological Association, vol. 17(2), pages 331-357, June.
    7. Terri R. Lituchy & Martha A. Reavley, 2004. "Women Entrepreneurs: A Comparison of International Small Business Owners in Poland and the Czech Republic," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 2(1_2), pages 61-87, March.
    8. L. Degtiar', 2000. "The Transformation Process and the Status of Women," Problems of Economic Transition, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(7), pages 7-19.
    9. Rosa, Peter & Carter, Sara & Hamilton, Daphne, 1996. "Gender as a Determinant of Small Business Performance: Insights from a British Study," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 8(6), pages 463-478, December.
    10. DeMartino, Richard & Barbato, Robert, 2003. "Differences between women and men MBA entrepreneurs: exploring family flexibility and wealth creation as career motivators," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 815-832, November.
    11. Cooper, Arnold C. & Gimeno-Gascon, F. Javier & Woo, Carolyn Y., 1994. "Initial human and financial capital as predictors of new venture performance," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 9(5), pages 371-395, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. repec:wsi:jdexxx:v:22:y:2017:i:03:n:s1084946717500194 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:wsi:jdexxx:v:22:y:2017:i:01:n:s1084946717500042 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Link, Albert N. & Strong, Derek R., 2016. "Gender and Entrepreneurship: An Annotated Bibliography," Foundations and Trends(R) in Entrepreneurship, now publishers, vol. 12(4-5), pages 287-441, September.
    4. George HALKOS & Christos KITSOS, 2011. "A Qualitative Analysis Of Greek Innovation Activities," Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Financial Management and Accounting Craiova, vol. 6(1(15)/ Sp), pages 16-27.

    More about this item


    gender; entrepreneurship; women; Bulgaria;

    JEL classification:

    • M1 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ush:jaessh:v:4:y:2009:i:4(10)_winter2009:p:87. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Laura Stefanescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.