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Teacher Mobility, School Segregation, and Pay-Based Policies to Level the Playing Field

Author

Listed:
  • Charles T. Clotfelter

    () (Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University)

  • Helen F. Ladd

    () (Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University)

  • Jacob L. Vigdor

    () (Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University)

Abstract

Research has consistently shown that teacher quality is distributed very unevenly among schools, to the clear disadvantage of minority students and those from low-income families. Using North Carolina data on the length of time individual teachers remain in their schools, we examine the potential for using salary differentials to overcome this pattern. We conclude that salary differentials are a far less effective tool for retaining teachers with strong preservice qualifications than for retaining other teachers in schools with high proportions of minority students. Consequently large salary differences would be needed to level the playing field when schools are segregated. This conclusion reflects our finding that teachers with stronger qualifications are both more responsive to the racial and socioeconomic mix of a school's students and less responsive to salary than are their less-qualified counterparts when making decisions about remaining in their current school, moving to another school or district, or leaving the teaching profession. © 2011 Association for Education Finance and Policy

Suggested Citation

  • Charles T. Clotfelter & Helen F. Ladd & Jacob L. Vigdor, 2011. "Teacher Mobility, School Segregation, and Pay-Based Policies to Level the Playing Field," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 6(3), pages 399-438, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:edfpol:v:6:y:2011:i:3:p:399-438
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Figlio, D. & Karbownik, K. & Salvanes, K.G., 2016. "Education Research and Administrative Data," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier.
    2. repec:tpr:edfpol:v:12:y:2017:i:3:p:396-418 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Singleton, John, 2017. "Incentives and the Supply of Effective Charter Schools," MPRA Paper 83532, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Dan Goldhaber & Cyrus Grout & Nick Huntington-Klein, 2017. "Screen Twice, Cut Once: Assessing the Predictive Validity of Applicant Selection Tools," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 12(2), pages 197-223, Spring.
    5. Hendricks, Matthew D., 2014. "Does it pay to pay teachers more? Evidence from Texas," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 50-63.
    6. Stuart Gabriel & Owen Hearey & Matthew E. Kahn & Ryan K. Vaughn, 2016. "Public School Quality Valuation Over the Business Cycle," NBER Working Papers 22668, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Hendricks, Matthew D., 2015. "Towards an optimal teacher salary schedule: Designing base salary to attract and retain effective teachers," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 143-167.
    8. Sander Gerritsen & Sonny Kuijpers & Marc van der Steeg, 2015. "The effects of higher teacher pay on teacher retention," CPB Discussion Paper 316, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    9. Karbownik, Krzysztof, 2014. "Job mobility among high-skilled and low-skilled teachers," Working Paper Series 2014:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
    10. Michael Bates, 2016. "Public and Private Learning in the Market for Teachers: Evidence from the Adoption of Value-Added Measures," Working Papers 201616, University of California at Riverside, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    teacher mobility; school segregation; salary differences;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid

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