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Optimization of container liner network on the Yangtze River


  • Zhongzhen Yang
  • Haiping Shi
  • Kang Chen
  • Hongli Bao


Based on the seaworthiness characteristics of the waterways and the container origin-destination (OD) flows between the riverside ports on the Yangtze River, China, this article aims to build an integer programming model to optimize the container liner network on the Yangtze River by minimizing the total transportation cost. The model can determine the shipping routes, calling ports, calling sequences, number and type of the used ships. In order to make the model usable, we formulate the waterway's impedance function and designs a genetic algorithm (GA) based on Frank-Wolf method. In the optimized network, the big ships are used in the midstream of the River while the small ones are adopted on both ends. It differs from the current ship allocating principle by which the small ones run in the upstream while the big ones run in other segments.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhongzhen Yang & Haiping Shi & Kang Chen & Hongli Bao, 2014. "Optimization of container liner network on the Yangtze River," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(1), pages 79-96, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:marpmg:v:41:y:2014:i:1:p:79-96
    DOI: 10.1080/03088839.2013.780217

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Shintani, Koichi & Imai, Akio & Nishimura, Etsuko & Papadimitriou, Stratos, 2007. "The container shipping network design problem with empty container repositioning," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 39-59, January.
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    8. Karlaftis, Matthew G. & Kepaptsoglou, Konstantinos & Sambracos, Evangelos, 2009. "Containership routing with time deadlines and simultaneous deliveries and pick-ups," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 210-221, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zheng, Jianfeng & Yang, Dong, 2016. "Hub-and-spoke network design for container shipping along the Yangtze River," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 51-57.
    2. Alfandari, Laurent & Davidović, Tatjana & Furini, Fabio & Ljubić, Ivana & Maraš, Vladislav & Martin, Sébastien, 2019. "Tighter MIP models for Barge Container Ship Routing," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 38-54.
    3. Zhang, Ruiyou & Huang, Chao & Feng, Xuehao, 2020. "Empty container repositioning with foldable containers in a river transport network considering the limitations of bridge heights," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 197-213.
    4. Jiang, Yonglei & Lu, Jing & Cai, Yutong & Zeng, Qingcheng, 2018. "Analysis of the impacts of different modes of governance on inland waterway transport development on the Pearl River: The Yangtze River Mode vs. the Pearl River Mode," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 235-252.

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