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Does Oil Still Hinder Democracy?

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  • Sven Oskarsson
  • Eric Ottosen

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to re-examine the support for the 'oil hinders democracy' hypothesis. Following Michael Ross' seminal article 'Does oil hinder democracy?' (2001), the hypothesis has been supported by a number of cross-national empirical tests. We will proceed along two routes, one conceptual and one temporal/contextual. Using time-series cross-section data from 132 countries between 1977-2006 we find that Ross' theory does not stand the test of time, and that a broader conceptual take on the notion of democracy has left the theory more inconclusive than in previous studies. The jury appears to be out concerning the generality of the 'oil hinders democracy' hypothesis.

Suggested Citation

  • Sven Oskarsson & Eric Ottosen, 2010. "Does Oil Still Hinder Democracy?," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(6), pages 1067-1083.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:46:y:2010:i:6:p:1067-1083
    DOI: 10.1080/00220380903151058
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Acemoglu,Daron & Robinson,James A., 2009. "Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521671422, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nuri Aras, Osman & Suleymanov, Elchin & Zeynalov, Ayaz, 2012. "Does Oil Income Impede Democratization In Muslim– Majority Countries?," MPRA Paper 52236, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. John Anyanwu & Andrew E. O. Erhijakpor, 2013. "Working Paper 184 - Does Oil Wealth Affect Democracy in Africa?," Working Paper Series 988, African Development Bank.
    3. Ivar Kolstad & Arne Wiig, 2014. "Diversification and democracy," CMI Working Papers 9, CMI (Chr. Michelsen Institute), Bergen, Norway.
    4. Bjorvatn, Kjetil & Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza, 2013. "Demographic Transition in Resource Rich Countries: A Blessing or a Curse?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 337-351.

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