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Insecurity and Welfare: Evidence from County Data

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  • Marcel Fafchamps
  • Bart Minten

Abstract

Using original survey data collected at the county (commune) level, we examine the relationship between insecurity and welfare in Madagascar. Correcting for unobserved heterogeneity at the commune level, we find that insecurity is associated with lower incomes and health status in all our analysis, and it is associated with lower school enrolment and higher infant mortality in some regressions. Results are robust to the inclusion of shocks potentially affecting both welfare and insecurity. We further find a significant association between insecurity and the provision of certain public services, notably schooling and health care. A similar relationship is found with the placement of development projects. Taken together, the evidence suggests that insecurity is an important determinant of welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcel Fafchamps & Bart Minten, 2009. "Insecurity and Welfare: Evidence from County Data," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(6), pages 831-863.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:45:y:2009:i:6:p:831-863
    DOI: 10.1080/00220380902802206
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Demombynes, Gabriel & Ozler, Berk, 2005. "Crime and local inequality in South Africa," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(2), pages 265-292, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Christine Bosch & Manfred Zeller, 2019. "Large-scale biofuel production and food security of smallholders: Evidence from Jatropha in Madagascar," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 11(2), pages 431-445, April.
    2. Onwuka, Ifeanyi Onuka, 2017. "Reversing Nigeria’s Food Import Dependency - Agricultural Transformation," Agricultural Development, Sophia, vol. 2(1), pages 1-12.
    3. Onuka, Onwuka Ifeanyi, 2017. "Reversing Nigeria’s Food Import Dependency - Agricultural Transformation," Agricultural Development, Asian Online Journal Publishing Group, vol. 2(1), April.

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