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Unit root tests and persistence of unemployment: Spain vs. the United States

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  • Diego Romero-Avila
  • Carlos Usabiaga

Abstract

In this article, we investigate the existence of infrequent shocks and the degree of persistence of unemployment in the US and Spain over the period 1976-2004. We first apply the minimum Lagrange Multiplier unit root test with up to two endogenous changes in level. The evidence gives support to the hysteresis hypothesis for Spain and to regime-wise stationarity for the US. The computation of median unbiased estimates of half-lives directly from the impulse-response function indicates a much higher degree of persistence of unemployment in Spain than in the US. Our results thus give an indication that aggregate demand policies may have different effects in these two countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Diego Romero-Avila & Carlos Usabiaga, 2007. "Unit root tests and persistence of unemployment: Spain vs. the United States," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(6), pages 457-461.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:14:y:2007:i:6:p:457-461
    DOI: 10.1080/13504850500474160
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    Cited by:

    1. Mark D. Partridge & Dan S. Rickman & M. Rose Olfert & Ying Tan, 2015. "When Spatial Equilibrium Fails: Is Place-Based Policy Second Best?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(8), pages 1303-1325, August.
    2. Burak Güriş & Burcu Yavuz Tiftikçigil & Muhammed Tıraşoğlu, 2017. "Testing for unemployment hysteresis in Turkey: evidence from nonlinear unit root tests," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 51(1), pages 35-46, January.
    3. Yiannis Karavias & Elias Tzavalis, "undated". "Testing for unit roots in panels with structural changes, spatial and temporal dependence when the time dimension is finite," Discussion Papers 14/03, University of Nottingham, Granger Centre for Time Series Econometrics.
    4. Ghoshray, Atanu & Stamatogiannis, Michalis P., 2015. "Centurial evidence of breaks in the persistence of unemployment," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 129(C), pages 74-76.
    5. Javier Andrés Domingo & José Emilio Boscá & Rafael Domenech Vilariño & Javier Ferri, 2009. "Job Creation in Spain: Productivity Growth, Labour Market Reforms or both?," Working Papers 0903, International Economics Institute, University of Valencia.

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