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Triadic citations, country biases and patent value: the case of pharmaceuticals

Listed author(s):
  • George Messinis

    ()

    (Victoria University)

Abstract Triadic patents minimise home bias effects in studies that focus on patent counts as a measure of innovative activity. Yet, biases in qualitative patent indicators have been largely neglected. This article advocates that forward patent citations, and triadic citations in particular, can illuminate further on home bias, self citations, and the speed of knowledge flows for drug patents published by the USPTO for the period 1980–2008. The evidence shows that triadic citations help to minimize the home bias in citations as well as to make patent quality more transparent. Also, it indicates that self citations and the age distribution of citations are important factors to consider when explaining cross-country differences in pharmaceutical citations.

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File URL: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11192-011-0473-z
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Article provided by Springer & Akadémiai Kiadó in its journal Scientometrics.

Volume (Year): 89 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (December)
Pages: 813-833

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Handle: RePEc:spr:scient:v:89:y:2011:i:3:d:10.1007_s11192-011-0473-z
DOI: 10.1007/s11192-011-0473-z
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Order Information: Web: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/11192

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