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For richer, if not for poorer? Marriage and divorce over the business cycle

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  • Jessamyn Schaller

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Abstract

Despite anecdotal evidence that recessions affect marriage and divorce rates, researchers do not agree about the direction and magnitude of the relationship. This paper reexamines the effect of business cycles on flows into and out of marriage, finding that increased unemployment rates are associated with reductions in both outcomes. The results are robust to the use of alternative measures of economic conditions, hold for both blacks and whites, and are concentrated among working-age individuals. Lag specifications and impulse response functions suggest that the effect of an unemployment shock on marriage is permanent, while the effect on divorce is temporary. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2013

Suggested Citation

  • Jessamyn Schaller, 2013. "For richer, if not for poorer? Marriage and divorce over the business cycle," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 26(3), pages 1007-1033, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:26:y:2013:i:3:p:1007-1033
    DOI: 10.1007/s00148-012-0413-0
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:kap:reveho:v:15:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11150-016-9329-x is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Mohammad Reza Farzanegan & Hassan F. Gholipour, 2018. "Divorce and Gold Coins: A Case Study of Iran," CESifo Working Paper Series 6873, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Johanna Catherine Maclean & Reginald Covington & Asia Sikora Kessler, 2016. "Labor Market Conditions At School-Leaving: Long-Run Effects On Marriage And Fertility," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 34(1), pages 63-88, January.
    4. Ayako Kondo, 2016. "The effects of recessions on family formation," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 248-248, March.
    5. Sheela Kennedy & Steven Ruggles, 2014. "Breaking Up Is Hard to Count: The Rise of Divorce in the United States, 1980–2010," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 51(2), pages 587-598, April.
    6. Rafael González-Val & Miriam Marcén, 2017. "Divorce and the business cycle: a cross-country analysis," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 15(3), pages 879-904, September.
    7. Janet Currie & Hannes Schwandt, 2015. "Short and Long-Term Effects of Unemployment on Fertility," CEP Discussion Papers dp1387, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    8. Joelle Abramowitz & Marcus Dillender, 2017. "Considering the Use of Stock and Flow Outcomes in Empirical Analyses: An Examination of Marriage Data," Working Papers 17-64, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    9. González-Val, Rafael & Marcén, Miriam, 2018. "Unemployment and Marital Breakdown: The Spanish Case," GLO Discussion Paper Series 220, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    10. Éva Beaujouan, 2016. "Second Unions Now More Stable than First? A Comparison of Separation Risks by Union Order in France," European Journal of Population, Springer;European Association for Population Studies, vol. 32(2), pages 293-321, May.
    11. repec:kap:jfamec:v:38:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10834-017-9532-9 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Marriage; Marital dissolution; J12;

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure

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