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Racial Earnings Disparities with Endogenous Labor Market Participation


  • Bidisha Lahiri

    (Oklahoma State University, Stillwater)


This paper examines racial disparity in wage income earnings in the USA across different quantiles, after accounting for the endogeneity of labor market engagement which is captured using the continuous variable: annual number of weeks worked. Controlling for this endogeneity is important because changes in income earned would affect the labor supply, while on the labor demand side any pressures that cause racial disparity is likely to affect both hiring and pay decisions. State-sector level averages for weather-related work absences are used as instruments for number of weeks worked at the individual level and robustness of the results are verified. The instrumental variable conditional and generalized quantile regression techniques are used for analyzing the disparity. The results find that the racial disparity gets larger at the upper quantiles even when controlling for other covariates ensure that the individuals are similar in important attributes.

Suggested Citation

  • Bidisha Lahiri, 2018. "Racial Earnings Disparities with Endogenous Labor Market Participation," Journal of Economics, Race, and Policy, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 16-25, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:joerap:v:1:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s41996-018-0007-7
    DOI: 10.1007/s41996-018-0007-7

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. John A. Bishop & Juan Gabriel Rodríguez & Lester A. Zeager, 2021. "Race and Earnings Mobility in the US," Journal of Economics, Race, and Policy, Springer, vol. 4(3), pages 166-182, September.
    2. William A. Darity Jr. & Darrick Hamilton & Samuel L. Myers Jr. & Gregory N. Price & Man Xu, 2022. "Racial Differences in Time at Work Not Working," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 75(3), pages 552-572, May.

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    More about this item


    Wage earnings; Unconditional and conditional disparity; Labor market participation; Instrumental variable quantile regression; Race;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials


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