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The Distributional Impacts of Minimum Wage Increases When Both Labor Supply and Labor Demand Are Endogenous

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  • Tom Ahn
  • Peter Arcidiacono
  • Walter Wessels

Abstract

We develop and estimate a one-shot search model with endogenous firm entry, and therefore zero expected profits, and endogenous labor supply. Positive employment effects from a minimum wage increase can result as the employment level depends upon both the numbers of searching firms and workers. Welfare implications are similar to the classical analysis: workers who most want the minimum wage jobs are hurt by the minimum wage hike with workers marginally interested in minimum wage jobs benefiting. We estimate the model using CPS data on teenagers and show that small changes in the employment level are masking large changes in labor supply and demand. Teenagers from well-educated families see increases in their employment probabilities and push out their less-privileged counterparts from the labor market. This article has supplementary material online.

Suggested Citation

  • Tom Ahn & Peter Arcidiacono & Walter Wessels, 2011. "The Distributional Impacts of Minimum Wage Increases When Both Labor Supply and Labor Demand Are Endogenous," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(1), pages 12-23, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jnlbes:v:29:y:2011:i:1:p:12-23
    DOI: 10.1198/jbes.2010.07076
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    Cited by:

    1. Keane, Michael P., 2010. "Structural vs. atheoretic approaches to econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 156(1), pages 3-20, May.
    2. Adam M. Lavecchia, 2018. "Minimum Wage Policy with Optimal Taxes and Unemployment," Working Papers 1801E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
    3. repec:eee:labeco:v:47:y:2017:i:c:p:163-181 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Flabbi, Luca & Mabli, James, 2012. "Household Search or Individual Search: Does It Matter? Evidence from Lifetime Inequality Estimates," IZA Discussion Papers 6908, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Erwin Ooghe, 2015. "Wage policies, employment, and redistributive efficiency," Working Papers 2015/42, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    6. Stephen Macdonald & Suwen Pan & Darren Hudson & Francis Tuan, 2014. "Toward a consumer economy in China: implications of changing wage policies for U.S. cotton exports," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 45(4), pages 513-524, July.
    7. Kreiner, Claus T. & Reck, Daniel & Skov, Peer Ebbesen, 2017. "Do Lower Minimum Wages for Young Workers Raise their Employment? Evidence from a Danish Discontinuity," CEPR Discussion Papers 12539, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Laura Giuliano, 2013. "Minimum Wage Effects on Employment, Substitution, and the Teenage Labor Supply: Evidence from Personnel Data," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(1), pages 155-194.
    9. Camilla Adams & Jonathan Meer & CarlyWill Sloan, 2018. "The Minimum Wage and Search Effort," NBER Working Papers 25128, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Müller, Kai-Uwe, 2014. "Analyzing economic policies that affect supply and demand: a structural model of productivity, labor supply and rationing," Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100471, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    11. repec:ces:ifodic:v:16:y:2019:i:4:p:50000000004807 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Kemal Kizilca & João Cerejeira & Miguel Portela & Carla Sá, 2010. "Minimum wage, fringe benefits, overtime payments and the gender wage gap," NIPE Working Papers 34/2010, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    13. Ahn, Tom, 2011. "Distributional impacts of a local living wage increase with ability sorting," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 112(3), pages 283-286, September.
    14. Isaac Sorkin, 2015. "Are There Long-Run Effects of the Minimum Wage?," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 18(2), pages 306-333, April.
    15. Mueller, Kai-Uwe & Steiner, Viktor, 2013. "Behavioral effects of a federal minimum wage and income inequality in Germany," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79784, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    16. Beauchamp Andrew & Chan Stacey, 2014. "The Minimum Wage and Crime," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 14(3), pages 1-23, July.
    17. Nicole Coomer & Walter Wessels, 2013. "The Effect of the Minimum Wage on Covered Teenage Employment," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 253-280, September.
    18. Mirco Tonin, 2013. "Underreporting of earnings and the minimum wage spike," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 2(1), pages 1-18, December.

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