IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/spr/jecrev/v74y2023i2d10.1007_s42973-021-00075-x.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Strategic corporate social responsibility and partial privatization policy with foreign penetration

Author

Listed:
  • Lili Xu

    (Dalian Maritime University)

  • Fanrui Su

    (Dalian Maritime University)

  • Sang-Ho Lee

    (Chonnam National University)

Abstract

This study considers strategic relations between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and privatization policy in a mixed duopoly. We investigate the impact of the order of sequential games and compare with simultaneous game to highlight the significant role of the foreign shareholding ratio of the CSR-firm. We show that the privatization-then-CSR case yields a lower (higher) degree of privatization while a higher (lower) level of CSR than the CSR-then-privatization case when foreign penetration is low (high). We also show that privatization-then-CSR case can be a unique equilibrium in an endogenous timing game, while it is socially desirable when foreign penetration is neither sufficiently low nor high.

Suggested Citation

  • Lili Xu & Fanrui Su & Sang-Ho Lee, 2023. "Strategic corporate social responsibility and partial privatization policy with foreign penetration," The Japanese Economic Review, Springer, vol. 74(2), pages 251-278, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jecrev:v:74:y:2023:i:2:d:10.1007_s42973-021-00075-x
    DOI: 10.1007/s42973-021-00075-x
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s42973-021-00075-x
    File Function: Abstract
    Download Restriction: Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.1007/s42973-021-00075-x?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sang-Ho Lee & Toshihiro Matsumura & Susumu Sato, 2018. "An analysis of entry-then-privatization model: welfare and policy implications," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 123(1), pages 71-88, January.
    2. Sumi Cho & Sang‐Ho Lee & Xoan T. Hoang, 2019. "Corporate social responsibility and strategic trade policy: An endogenous timing game and its policy implications," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(4), pages 480-497, December.
    3. Hamilton, Jonathan H. & Slutsky, Steven M., 1990. "Endogenous timing in duopoly games: Stackelberg or cournot equilibria," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 29-46, March.
    4. Ming Lin & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2012. "Presence of foreign investors in privatized firms and privatization policy," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 107(1), pages 71-80, September.
    5. Lambertini, Luca & Tampieri, Alessandro, 2015. "Incentives, performance and desirability of socially responsible firms in a Cournot oligopoly," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 40-48.
    6. Junichi Haraguchi & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2020. "Implicit protectionism via state enterprises and technology transfer from foreign enterprises," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(3), pages 723-743, August.
    7. Haraguchi, Junichi & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2014. "Price versus quantity in a mixed duopoly with foreign penetration," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(4), pages 338-353.
    8. Susumu Cato & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2012. "Long-Run Effects of Foreign Penetration on Privatization Policies," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 168(3), pages 444-454, September.
    9. Wang, Leonard F.S. & Mukherjee, Arijit, 2012. "Undesirable competition," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 114(2), pages 175-177.
    10. Moner-Colonques, R. & Rubio, S., 2015. "The timing of environmental policy in a duopolistic market," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 15(01).
    11. Toshihiro Matsumura & Makoto Okamura, 2015. "Competition and privatization policies revisited: the payoff interdependence approach," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 116(2), pages 137-150, October.
    12. Gelves, J. Alejandro & Heywood, John S., 2013. "Privatizing by merger: The case of an inefficient public leader," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 69-79.
    13. Leal, Mariel & García, Arturo & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2021. "Strategic CSR and merger decisions in multiproduct mixed markets with state-holding corporation," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 319-333.
    14. Arturo García & Mariel Leal & Sang‐Ho Lee, 2020. "Welfare‐improving cooperation with a consumer‐friendly multiproduct corporation," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 41(7), pages 1144-1155, October.
    15. Seung-Leul Kim & Sang-Ho Lee & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2018. "Eco-technology licensing by a foreign innovator and privatization policy in a polluting mixed duopoly," Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(3-4), pages 433-448, May.
    16. Haraguchi, Junichi & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2020. "Lack of commitment to future privatization policies may lead to worst welfare outcome," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 181-187.
    17. Chen, Jiaqi & Lee, Sang-ho & Muminov, Timur K., 2019. "Time-inconsistent Output Subsidy/Tax Policies in Free-entry Mixed Markets," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 60(1), pages 61-77, June.
    18. Lee Sang-Ho & Park Chul-Hi, 2019. "Eco-Firms and the Sequential Adoption of Environmental Corporate Social Responsibility in the Managerial Delegation," The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 19(1), pages 1-9, January.
    19. Kuang-Cheng Andy Wang & Yi-Jie Wang & Wen-Jung Liang, 2016. "Intellectual property rights, international licensing and foreign direct investment," Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(3), pages 291-305, July.
    20. Kadohognon sylvain Ouattara, 2017. "Strategic privatization in a mixed duopoly with a socially responsible firm," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 37(3), pages 2067-2075.
    21. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2017. "Ex-ante versus ex-post privatization policies with foreign penetration in free-entry mixed markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 1-7.
    22. Dong, Quan & Wang, Leonard F.S., 2019. "Mixed oligopoly with state holding corporations and consumer-friendly firm," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 121-130.
    23. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2018. "The timing of environmental policies with excess burden of taxation in free-entry mixed markets," MPRA Paper 83560, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    24. Quan Dong & Juan Carlos Bárcena†Ruiz & María Begoña Garzón, 2018. "Partial Privatization of State Holding Corporations," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 86(1), pages 119-138, January.
    25. Hiroaki Ino & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2010. "What role should public enterprises play in free-entry markets?," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 101(3), pages 213-230, November.
    26. Yang-Ming Chang & Hung-Yi Chen & Leonard F. S. Wang & Shih-Jye Wu, 2014. "Corporate Social Responsibility and International Competition: A Welfare Analysis," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(3), pages 625-638, August.
    27. Toshihiro Matsumura & Akira Ogawa, 2017. "Inefficient but Robust Public Leadership," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 17(4), pages 387-398, December.
    28. Megumi Suto & Hitoshi Takehara, 2018. "Does Foreign Ownership Enhance the Corporate Social Performance of Japanese Firms?," CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance, in: Hualiang Lu & René Schmidpeter & Nicholas Capaldi & Liangrong Zu (ed.), Building New Bridges Between Business and Society, pages 171-189, Springer.
    29. Wang, Leonard F.S. & Lee, Jen-yao, 2013. "Foreign penetration and undesirable competition," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 729-732.
    30. Arturo García & Mariel Leal & Sang-Ho Lee, 2019. "Endogenous Timing with a Socially Responsible Firm," Korean Economic Review, Korean Economic Association, vol. 35, pages 345-370.
    31. Poyago-Theotoky, Joanna & Teerasuwannajak, Khemarat, 2002. "The Timing of Environmental Policy: A Note on the Role of Product Differentiation," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 305-316, May.
    32. Chih-Wei Chang & Yan-Shu Lin & Ming-Fang Tsai, 2016. "Technology licensing with asymmetric absorptive capacity," Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(3), pages 278-290, July.
    33. Akio Kawasaki & Takao Ohkawa & Makoto Okamura, 2020. "Endogenous timing game in a mixed duopoly with partial foreign ownership and asymmetric increasing marginal costs," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(2), pages 71-87, June.
    34. Hiroaki Ino & Akira Miyaoka, 2020. "Government-induced production commitment vs. import-tariff under endogenous entry of foreign firms," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(7), pages 797-820, October.
    35. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2018. "Environmental policies with excess burden of taxation in free-entry mixed markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 1-13.
    36. Seung-Leul Kim & Sang-Ho Lee & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2019. "Corporate social responsibility and privatization policy in a mixed oligopoly," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 128(1), pages 67-89, September.
    37. García, Arturo & Leal, Mariel & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2018. "Time-inconsistent environmental policies with a consumer-friendly firm: Tradable permits versus emission tax," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 523-537.
    38. Sang-Ho Lee & Lili Xu & Zhao Chen, 2013. "Competitive Privatization And Tariff Policies In An International Mixed Duopoly," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 81(5), pages 763-779, September.
    39. Matsumura, Toshihiro, 1998. "Partial privatization in mixed duopoly," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(3), pages 473-483, December.
    40. Toshihiro Matsumura & Osamu Kanda, 2005. "Mixed Oligopoly at Free Entry Markets," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 84(1), pages 27-48, February.
    41. Leal, Mariel & Garcia, Arturo & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2018. "The Timing Of Environmental Tax Policy With A Consumer-Friendly Firm," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 59(1), pages 25-43, June.
    42. Pal, Debashis, 1998. "Endogenous timing in a mixed oligopoly," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 181-185, November.
    43. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2019. "Tariffs and privatization policy in a bilateral trade with corporate social responsibility," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 339-351.
    44. Toshihiro Matsumura & Akira Ogawa, 2010. "On The Robustness Of Private Leadership In Mixed Duopoly," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(2), pages 149-160, June.
    45. Leonard F. S. Wang & Arijit Mukherjee & Chenhang Zeng, 2020. "Does technology licensing matter for privatization?," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 22(5), pages 1462-1480, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2020. "Strategic Relations between Corporate Social Responsibility and Partial Privatization Policy with Foreign Penetration," MPRA Paper 100770, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2021. "Strategic corporate social responsibility and tariff policies: The timing of commitments and policy implications," MPRA Paper 108499, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Seung-Leul Kim & Sang-Ho Lee & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2019. "Corporate social responsibility and privatization policy in a mixed oligopoly," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 128(1), pages 67-89, September.
    4. Junichi Haraguchi & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2020. "Endogenous public and private leadership with diverging social and private marginal costs," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 88(5), pages 699-730, September.
    5. Junichi Haraguchi & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2021. "Profit‐enhancing entries in mixed oligopolies," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 88(1), pages 33-55, July.
    6. Jiaqi Chen & Sang‐Ho Lee & Timur K. Muminov, 2022. "R&D spillovers, output subsidies, and privatization in a mixed duopoly: Flexible versus irreversible R&D investments," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 74(3), pages 879-899, July.
    7. Kosuke Hirose & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2019. "Comparing welfare and profit in quantity and price competition within Stackelberg mixed duopolies," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 126(1), pages 75-93, January.
    8. Arturo Garcia & Mariel Leal & Sang-Ho Lee, 2021. "Competitive CSR in a strategic managerial delegation game with a multiproduct corporation," International Review of Economics, Springer;Happiness Economics and Interpersonal Relations (HEIRS), vol. 68(3), pages 301-330, September.
    9. Chen, Jiaqi & Lee, Sang-ho & Muminov, Timur K., 2019. "Time-inconsistent Output Subsidy/Tax Policies in Free-entry Mixed Markets," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 60(1), pages 61-77, June.
    10. Xu Lili & Lee Sang-Ho, 2022. "Corporate Profit Tax and Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility Under Foreign Acquisition," The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 22(1), pages 123-151, January.
    11. Akio Kawasaki & Takao Ohkawa & Makoto Okamura, 2022. "Optimal partial privatization in an endogenous timing game: a mixed oligopoly approach," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 136(3), pages 227-250, August.
    12. Jiaqi Chen & Sang-Ho Lee & Timur K. Muminov, 2021. "Welfare-reducing discriminatory output subsidies with mixed ownership and R&D," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 41(3), pages 1592-1602.
    13. Yi Liu & Toshihiro Matsumura & Chenhang Zeng, 2021. "The relationship between privatization and corporate taxation policies," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 133(1), pages 85-101, June.
    14. Cho, Sumi & Kim, Doori & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2021. "Free licensing strategy and ex post privatization in a mixed oligopoly," MPRA Paper 106126, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Leal, Mariel & García, Arturo & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2021. "Strategic CSR and merger decisions in multiproduct mixed markets with state-holding corporation," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 319-333.
    16. Leal, Mariel & Garcia, Arturo & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2020. "Strategic CSR and merger in multiproduct mixed markets with state-holding corporation," MPRA Paper 102351, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Aug 2020.
    17. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2021. "Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility by a Multinational Firm and International Privatization Policies," MPRA Paper 105651, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Sumi Cho & Sang‐Ho Lee & Xoan T. Hoang, 2019. "Corporate social responsibility and strategic trade policy: An endogenous timing game and its policy implications," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(4), pages 480-497, December.
    19. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2018. "Corporate Social Responsibility And Environmental Taxation With Endogenous Entry," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 59(2), pages 61-82, December.
    20. Xu, Lili & Chen, Yuyan & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2022. "Emission tax and strategic environmental corporate social responsibility in a Cournot–Bertrand comparison," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Strategic CSR; Partial privatization; Foreign penetration; Mixed market;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • H42 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Private Goods
    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out
    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:spr:jecrev:v:74:y:2023:i:2:d:10.1007_s42973-021-00075-x. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Sonal Shukla or Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://www.springer.com .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.