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Wind power projects in Brazil: challenges and opportunities increasing co-benefits and implications for climate and energy policies


  • Maria de Fátima Barbosa Góes

    (University of Bahia State)

  • José Célio Silveira Andrade

    (Federal University of Bahia)

  • Charbel Jose Chiappetta Jabbour

    (Montpellier Business School)

  • Marcelo Santana Silva

    (Federal Institute of Bahia)


The purpose of this article is to analyze the challenges to, and opportunities for, increasing sustainable development (SD) co-benefits delivered by clean development mechanism (CDM) wind power projects in northeastern Brazil and the resulting implications for climate and energy policies. Five methodological phases were met: First, a documentary research was conducted in the main CDM database; second was a literature review, creating the analytical framework and a survey questionnaire needed to assess the SD co-benefits from the projects; third, documentary research was used to enable ex-ante analysis of the SD co-benefits proposed in the CDM Project Design Documents (PDDs); fourth, survey allowed for the analysis of SD co-benefits perceived by project entrepreneurs (ex-post analysis); and finally, a comparison between the ex-ante and ex-post analyses was completed. The results show the importance of carrying out SD co-benefit studies after the implementation of CDM projects in order to learn lessons for new mechanisms of climate governance. The lowest SD co-benefits were water management improvement in the project influence area, soil pollution prevention, health and safety improvements and technology transfer. The greatest opportunities for increasing SD co-benefits come from the environmental licensing process and the strengthening of Corporate Social Responsibility. The greatest challenges are new technology development, stakeholders’ engagement and SD co-benefit audits. We conclude that the improvement of multi-level climate and energy governance plays a key role in increasing SD co-benefits.

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  • Maria de Fátima Barbosa Góes & José Célio Silveira Andrade & Charbel Jose Chiappetta Jabbour & Marcelo Santana Silva, 2021. "Wind power projects in Brazil: challenges and opportunities increasing co-benefits and implications for climate and energy policies," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 23(10), pages 15341-15367, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:endesu:v:23:y:2021:i:10:d:10.1007_s10668-021-01300-8
    DOI: 10.1007/s10668-021-01300-8

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