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Son Preference, Fertility Decline, and the Nonmissing Girls of Turkey

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  • Onur Altindag

    () (City University of New York)

Abstract

Abstract Couples in Turkey exhibit son preference through son-biased differential stopping behavior that does not cause a sex ratio imbalance in the population. Demand for sons leads to lower ratios of boys to girls in larger families but higher ratios in smaller families. Girls are born earlier than their male siblings, and son-biased fertility behavior is persistent in response to decline in fertility over time and across households with parents from different backgrounds. Parents use contraceptive methods to halt fertility following a male birth. The sibling sex composition is associated with gender disparities in health. Among third- or later-born children, female infant mortality is 1.5 percentage points lower if the previous sibling is male. The female survival advantage, however, disappears if the previous sibling is female. Having an older female sibling shifts the gender gap in infant mortality rate by 2 percentage points in favor of males. The improvement in infant mortality is strongest in favor of males who have no older male siblings.

Suggested Citation

  • Onur Altindag, 2016. "Son Preference, Fertility Decline, and the Nonmissing Girls of Turkey," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 53(2), pages 541-566, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:demogr:v:53:y:2016:i:2:d:10.1007_s13524-016-0455-0
    DOI: 10.1007/s13524-016-0455-0
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Aurélien Dasre & Angela Greulich & Inan Ceren, 2017. "Combating domestic violence against women in Turkey. The role of women's economic empowerment," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-01660703, HAL.
    2. Aurélien Dasré & Angela Greulich & Ceren Inan, 2017. "Combating domestic violence against women in Turkey. The role of women's economic empowerment," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 17052, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Son preference; Stopping rules; Turkey; Infant health;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General

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