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The Impact of Skilled Migration on the Sending Country: Evidence from African Medical Brain Drain

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  • Lucia Rizzica

    () ("Luigi Bocconi" University of Milan)

Abstract

This paper examines how Medical Brain Drain (MBD) creates incentives for the production of doctors in the sending country (brain gain) and its effects on the health status of the local population. Using Bharghava-Docquier dataset I find no relation between MBD and rates of enrolment to medical schools in the country of origin while there are incentives to pursue secondary school in the sending country and tertiary education abroad. Finally MBD induces an increase in the number of deaths due to HIV/AIDS: a case-study reveals that MBD affects more the “quality” of health services rather than their “quantity”.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucia Rizzica, 2008. "The Impact of Skilled Migration on the Sending Country: Evidence from African Medical Brain Drain," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 98(6), pages 195-230, November-.
  • Handle: RePEc:rpo:ripoec:v:98:y:2008:i:6:p:195-230
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    File URL: http://www.rivistapoliticaeconomica.it/2008/nov-dic/pdf/Rizzica_en.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Docquier, Frederic & Rapoport, Hillel, 2004. "Skilled migration: the perspective of developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3382, The World Bank.
    2. Beine, Michel & Docquier, Frederic & Rapoport, Hillel, 2001. "Brain drain and economic growth: theory and evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 275-289, February.
    3. Michael Clemens, 2007. "Do Visas Kill? Health Effects of African Health Professional Emigration," Working Papers 114, Center for Global Development.
    4. Schiff, Maurice, 2005. "Brain Gain: Claims about Its Size and Impact on Welfare and Growth Are Greatly Exaggerated," IZA Discussion Papers 1599, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Stark, Oded & Wang, Yong, 2002. "Inducing human capital formation: migration as a substitute for subsidies," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(1), pages 29-46, October.
    6. Stark, Oded & Helmenstein, Christian & Prskawetz, Alexia, 1998. "Human capital depletion, human capital formation, and migration: a blessing or a "curse"?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 60(3), pages 363-367, September.
    7. Michael A. Clemens & Gunilla Pettersson, 2006. "A New Database of Health Professional Emigration from Africa," Working Papers 95, Center for Global Development.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    brain drain; migration; human capital;

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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