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Estimating the Impact of Alcohol Consumption on Mortality and Life Expectancy in Russian Regions

Listed author(s):
  • Kossova, Tatiana V.

    ()

    (National Research University Higher School of Economic)

  • Kossova, Elena V.

    ()

    (National Research University Higher School of Economic)

  • Sheluntsova, Maria A.

    ()

    (National Research University Higher School of Economic)

In this paper, we estimate the relationship between alcohol consumption and average life expectancy at birth as well as mortality from external causes in Russian regions. Statistics was collected from the Federal State Statistics Service of Russia for the period from 2008 to 2013. Alcohol sales in liters per capita serve as a proxy measure for alcohol consumption in a particular region. We convert different types of consumed alcoholic beverages to grams of absolute alcohol according to the percentage content of alcohol in a corresponding drink. The method of instrumental variables is applied for panel models with fixed effects. We investigate the relationship between life expectancy at birth for men and women as well as mortality from external causes and macroeconomic factors including average per capita income, unemployment rate, Gini coefficient and volume of alcohol consumption. Estimation results show strong positive relationship between lcohol consumption and mortality from external causes. The relationship between alcohol consumption and life expectancy is negative. These conclusions hold for both men and women. The increase in the total volume of alcohol consumption has a negative impact on public health, and to the greatest extent it relates to the male population. This leads to the formation of significant gender gap in life expectancy at birth in Russian regions. Findings are useful for the government policy aimed to prevent the population from alcohol abuse and to increase average life expectancy at birth.

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Article provided by Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration in its journal Economic Policy.

Volume (Year): 1 (2017)
Issue (Month): (February)
Pages: 58-83

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Handle: RePEc:rnp:ecopol:ep1703
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  1. Langford, Ian H. & Bentham, Graham, 1996. "Regional variations in mortality rates in England and Wales: An analysis using multi-level modelling," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 42(6), pages 897-908, March.
  2. Popov, Vladimir, 2009. "Mortality Crisis in Russia Revisited: Evidence from Cross-Regional Comparison," MPRA Paper 21311, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Dec 2009.
  3. Elizabeth Brainerd & David M. Cutler, 2005. "Autopsy on an Empire: Understanding Mortality in Russia and the Former Soviet Union," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 19(1), pages 107-130, Winter.
  4. Edvard Johansson & Petri Böckerman & Ritva Prättälä & Antti Uutela, 2006. "Alcohol-related mortality, drinking behavior, and business cycles," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 7(3), pages 212-217, September.
  5. Pavel Grigoriev & Gabriele Doblhammer-Reiter & Vladimir Shkolnikov, 2013. "Trends, patterns, and determinants of regional mortality in Belarus, 1990-2007," Population Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 67(1), pages 61-81, March.
  6. Вишневский Анатолий Григорьевич & Васин Сергей Алексеевич, 2011. "Причины Смерти И Приоритеты Политики Снижения Смертности В России," Higher School of Economics Economic Journal Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики, CyberLeninka;Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования «Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики», vol. 15(4), pages 472-496.
  7. Vladimir M. Shkolnikov & Evgeny M. Andreev & Martin McKee & David A. Leon, 2013. "Components and possible determinants of decrease in Russian mortality in 2004-2010," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 28(32), pages 917-950, April.
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