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An Estimation of Impact of Financial Repression on Budget Revenues

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Listed:
  • Isakov, Kanat S.

    ()

  • Pekarski, Sergey E.

    () (Department of Theoretical Economics, National Research University Higher School of Economics)

Abstract

Modern financial repression in developed countries takes the form of various measures aimed at increasing the placement of public debt with a below-market or even negative real rate of return. It provides governments with an additional revenue or liquidates their debt. But financial repression is a hidden tax on wealth, which introduce additional distortions into the economy and thus affects the base of traditional taxes. In this paper we introduce financial repression into the neoclassical dynamic general equilibrium model to assess its overall impact on government revenues. Following the framework of Trabandt and Uhlig (2011) we estimate Laffer curves for USA and the set of European countries. We show, that tighter repression shifts Laffer curves for consumption and labor-income taxes down, but actually increases the revenue from capital-income taxation. As a result, and despite a decrease in output, financial repression leads to an increase in government purchases. We also estimate marginal rates of substitutions between different policy instruments and show, that while the U.S. economy cannot loosen repression without forgoing government purchases or increasing traditional taxes, European economies are on the wrong side of the Laffer hill for financial repression that allows decreasing public debt and increasing its rate of return.

Suggested Citation

  • Isakov, Kanat S. & Pekarski, Sergey E., 2016. "An Estimation of Impact of Financial Repression on Budget Revenues," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 5, pages 28-49, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:rnp:ecopol:ep1652
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Cooley, Thomas F. & Hansen, Gary D., 1992. "Tax distortions in a neoclassical monetary economy," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 290-316, December.
    2. Reinhart, C. M., 2012. "The return of financial repression," Financial Stability Review, Banque de France, issue 16, pages 37-48, April.
    3. Carmen M. Reinhart & M. Belen Sbrancia1, 2015. "The liquidation of government debt," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 30(82), pages 291-333.
    4. Trabandt, Mathias & Uhlig, Harald, 2011. "The Laffer curve revisited," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(4), pages 305-327.
    5. S. Moiseev., 2002. "The Political Economy of Financial Repression," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 12.
    6. Giovannini, Alberto & de Melo, Martha, 1993. "Government Revenue from Financial Repression," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(4), pages 953-963, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial repression; public debt; distortionary taxation; Laffer curves;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • H63 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Debt; Debt Management; Sovereign Debt

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