IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Global inequality of class to the country of residence of the proletarians to migrants


  • Milanovic, Branko

    () (Russian presidental academy of national economy and public administration)


The inequality between the citizens of the world in the XIX century, at least half could be attributed to the difference in income between workers and owners of capital in a particular country. The real income of workers in most countries was about the same low level. That is what was the basis for the widespread acceptance of Marxism. After more than 150 years old, at the beginning of the XXI century, the situation changed dramatically: over 80% of global differences in income due to a significant gap between the average income in different countries, and the wages of unskilled workers in rich and poor countries often differ on the order. This is due to a new global political problem of migration, because the difference in income between the countries makes the migration extremely beneficial to the individual. The main problem of the near future will be to find an answer to this new challenge - assuming migration recognition of one of the most effective tools for reducing global poverty and inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Milanovic, Branko, 2016. "Global inequality of class to the country of residence of the proletarians to migrants," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 1, pages 14-26, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:rnp:ecopol:ep1607

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Li, Bozhong & van Zanden, Jan Luiten, 2012. "Before the Great Divergence? Comparing the Yangzi Delta and the Netherlands at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 72(04), pages 956-989, December.
    2. Stephen Broadberry & Bishnupriya Gupta, 2006. "The early modern great divergence: wages, prices and economic development in Europe and Asia, 1500-1800 -super-1," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 59(1), pages 2-31, February.
    3. Gordon H. Hanson, 2010. "International Migration and Human Rights," NBER Working Papers 16472, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Maddison, Angus, 2007. "Contours of the World Economy 1-2030 AD: Essays in Macro-Economic History," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199227204.
    5. Walmsley, Terrie L. & Winters, L. Alan, 2005. "Relaxing the Restrictions on the Temporary Movement of Natural Persons: A Simulation Analysis," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 20, pages 688-726.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    global inequality; class inequality; global poverty; international migration;

    JEL classification:

    • B14 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Socialist; Marxist
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F60 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - General
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rnp:ecopol:ep1607. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (RANEPA maintainer). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.