Gender Implications of Biofuels Expansion in Africa: The Case of Mozambique
We use a gendered dynamic CGE model to assess the implications of biofuels expansion in a low-income, land-abundant setting. Mozambique is chosen as a representative case. We compare scenarios with different gender employment intensities in producing jatropha feedstock for biodiesel. Under all scenarios, biofuels investments accelerate GDP growth and reduce poverty. However, a stronger trade-off between biofuels and food availability emerges when female labor is used intensively, as women are drawn away from food production. A skills-shortage amongst female workers also limits poverty reduction. Policy simulations indicate that only modest improvements in women’s education and food crop yields are needed to address food security concerns and ensure broader-based benefits from biofuels investments.
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- Arndt, Channing & Benfica, Rui M.S. & Tarp, Finn & Thurlow, James & Uaiene, Rafael N., 2008.
"Biofuels, Poverty, and Growth: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis of Mozambique,"
2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China
52004, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
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"Aid and Development,"
13171, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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