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Are Biofuels Good for African Development?: An Analytical Framework with Evidence from Mozambique and Tanzania

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  • Channing Arndt
  • Siwa Msangi
  • James Thurlow

Abstract

Many low income countries in Africa are optimistic that producing biofuels domestically will not only reduce their dependence on imported fossil fuels, but also stimulate economic development, particularly in poorer rural areas. Skeptics, on the other hand, view biofuels as a threat to food security in the region and as a land-grabbing opportunity for foreign investors. As a result of this ongoing debate, national biofuels task forces have been asked to evaluate both the viability of domestic biofuels production and its broader implications for economic development.

Suggested Citation

  • Channing Arndt & Siwa Msangi & James Thurlow, 2010. "Are Biofuels Good for African Development?: An Analytical Framework with Evidence from Mozambique and Tanzania," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2010-110, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp-2010-110
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    File URL: https://www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/wp2010-110.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Arndt, Channing & Benfica, Rui & Tarp, Finn & Thurlow, James & Uaiene, Rafael, 2010. "Biofuels, poverty, and growth: a computable general equilibrium analysis of Mozambique," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(1), pages 81-105, February.
    2. Mark W. Rosegrant & Tingju Zhu & Siwa Msangi & Timothy Sulser, 2008. "Global Scenarios for Biofuels: Impacts and Implications ," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 30(3), pages 495-505.
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