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Equity Impacts of Transportation Improvements On Core and Peripheral Cities

Listed author(s):
  • Leck, Eran

    ()

    (Technion- Israel Institute of Technology; Israel)

  • Bekhor, Shlomo

    (Technion - Israel Institute of Technology; Israel)

  • Gat, Daniel

    (Center for Urban and Regional Studies. Technion - Israel Institute of Technology; Israel)

The aim of this paper is to assess the short-term impact of transportation improvements on the reduction of socio-economic disparities between core and peripheral cities. Data used in the analysis was extracted from the 1995 Israel Census. The methodology applied in the study was to estimate discrete choice models in an attempt to identify key variables affecting commuting decisions. Policy simulations are employed to illustrate the effect of diminishing spatial friction on wage convergence between poor southern towns and affluent core cities. The empirical evidence suggests that transportation improvements, especially in the form of introducing new rail links in underserved cities, could significantly contribute to the alleviation of spatial wage disparities between core and peripheral cities.

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File URL: http://www.jtlu.org/index.php/jtlu/article/view/48/31
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Article provided by Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota in its journal The Journal of Tranport and Land Use.

Volume (Year): 1 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 153-182

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Handle: RePEc:ris:jtralu:0013
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.jtlu.org/index.php/jtlu

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  1. Mihails Hazans, 2004. "Does Commuting Reduce Wage Disparities?," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(3), pages 360-390.
  2. van den Berg, Gerard J & Gorter, Cees, 1997. "Job Search and Commuting Time," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 15(2), pages 269-281, April.
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  8. Alicia H. Munnell, 1990. "Why has productivity growth declined? Productivity and public investment," New England Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, issue Jan, pages 3-22.
  9. William F. Fox & Sanela Porca, 2001. "Investing in Rural Infrastructure," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 24(1), pages 103-133, January.
  10. L D Mayhew & R W Gibberd & H Hall, 1986. "Predicting Patient Flows and Hospital Case-Mix," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 18(5), pages 619-638, May.
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  12. Mitch Renkow & Dale Hoover, 2000. "Commuting, Migration, and Rural-Urban Population Dynamics," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(2), pages 261-287.
  13. Paul Waddell, 2000. "A behavioral simulation model for metropolitan policy analysis and planning: residential location and housing market components of UrbanSim," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 27(2), pages 247-263, March.
  14. Sergio J. Rey, 2001. "Spatial Analysis of Regional Income Inequality," Urban/Regional 0110002, EconWPA.
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