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Efficiency and equity of orbital motorways in Madrid

Author

Listed:
  • Martin, Juan Carlos

    () (University of Las Palmas GC; Spain)

  • García-Palomares, Juan Carlos

    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid; Spain)

  • Gutierrez, Javier

    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid; Spain)

  • Román, Concepción

    (University of Las Palmas GC; Spain)

Abstract

Orbital motorways are major structuring elements in the metropolitan areas of developed countries. They can be considered as key components within the transport network of large urban agglomerations, funneling a great amount of intra- and inter-metropolitan traffic. This paper explores the equity and efficiency effects of orbital motorways on accessibility, using the beltways of Madrid as a case study. It is well known that orbital impacts differ depending on their location within the metropolitan area (inner and outer) as well as the activity distributional performance (agglomeration vs. decentralization of activities). These topics have received very little attention in previous studies. The paper extracts some policy considerations with respect to accessibility disparities within metropolitan areas and compares relative changes from the spatial perspective.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin, Juan Carlos & García-Palomares, Juan Carlos & Gutierrez, Javier & Román, Concepción, 2010. "Efficiency and equity of orbital motorways in Madrid," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 3(1), pages 67-84.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:jtralu:0044
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. S L Handy & D A Niemeier, 1997. "Measuring accessibility: an exploration of issues and alternatives," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 29(7), pages 1175-1194, July.
    2. Jones, Philip C., 1981. "A network model of economic growth : A regional analysis," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 231-237, May.
    3. Giuliano, Genevieve & Small, Kenneth A., 1999. "The Determinants of Growth of Employment Subcenters," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt06n534j0, University of California Transportation Center.
    4. David Levinson & Ramachandra Karamalaputi, 2003. "Predicting the Construction of New Highway Links," Working Papers 200305, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
    5. Pavithra Parthasarathi & David M. Levinson & Ramachandra Karamalaputi, 2003. "Induced Demand: A Microscopic Perspective," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 40(7), pages 1335-1351, June.
    6. B J Linneker & N A Spence, 1992. "Accessibility measures compared in an analysis of the impact of the M25 London Orbital Motorway on Britain," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 24(8), pages 1137-1154, August.
    7. Dobbs, Lynn, 2005. "Wedded to the car: women, employment and the importance of private transport," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 266-278, May.
    8. David Levinson & Ramachandra Karamalaputi, 2003. "Induced Supply: A Model of Highway Network Expansion at the Microscopic Level," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, University of Bath, vol. 37(3), pages 297-318, September.
    9. Leck, Eran & Bekhor, Shlomo & Gat, Daniel, 2008. "Equity Impacts of Transportation Improvements On Core and Peripheral Cities," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 1(2), pages 153-182.
    10. S L Handy & D A Niemeier, 1997. "Measuring Accessibility: An Exploration of Issues and Alternatives," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 29(7), pages 1175-1194, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Salas-Olmedo, María Henar & García, Patricia & Gutiérrez, Javier, 2015. "Accessibility and transport infrastructure improvement assessment: The role of borders and multilateral resistance," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 110-129.
    2. Myung-Jin Jun & Hee-Jae Kim, 2016. "The effects of Seoul’s suburban beltway on accessibility, residential development, and housing rents: a transport–land use simulation approach," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 56(2), pages 565-589, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Orbital motorways; accessibility; Geographic Information Systems (GIS); transport planning;

    JEL classification:

    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General

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