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Global Value Chain Indicators: Application to the Italian Sectors - Gli indicatori della global value chain: un’applicazione ai settori italiani

  • Ricotta, Fernanda


    (Università della Calabria- Dipartimento di Economia e Statistica)

In this paper the extent of international fragmentation of production in Italian manufacturing industries for the years 1985, 1995 and 2000 is assessed with different indicators. The objective is to determine where fragmentation is most prevalent and to provide a description of the key characteristics of those sectors. The paper first presents a survey of global value chain indicators and how these have been used in the economic literature. The second part supplies empirical evidence on the global linkages of Italian firms. The results obtained show that the degree of fragmentation of production is more closely linked to the characteristics of industrial sectors than to specialisation. Regarding imports of intermediates, high and medium-high industries and basic industries that make considerable use of primary materials lead international integration, all sectors where Italy has a comparative disadvantage. In the industries where Italy has a comparative advantage, on the other hand, such as textiles, leather, footwear, machinery and equipment, both offshoring and vertical specialisation indicators are below the manufacturing value. - Questo lavoro analizza la frammentazione internazionale della produzione nei settori dell’industria manifatturiera italiana negli anni 1985, 1995 e 2000 attraverso l’utilizzo di diversi indicatori. L’obiettivo è di determinare in quali settori la frammentazione internazionale della produzione risulta più rilevante e le principali caratteristiche di questi settori. L’articolo in primo luogo presenta una rassegna degli indicatori della global value chain e di come questi sono stati utilizzati nella letteratura economica. La seconda parte offre un’analisi empirica dell’integrazione internazionale delle imprese italiane. I risultati evidenziano come il grado di frammentazione della produzione sia collegato più strettamente alle caratteristiche dei settori industriali piuttosto che alla specializzazione internazionale. I settori a media e mediaalta tecnologia e i settori di base, in cui l’Italia presenta uno svantaggio comparato, sono i settori in cui l’integrazione internazionale è più spinta. Nei settori in cui l’Italia presenta un vantaggio comparato, quali il tessileabbigliamento, il cuoio-calzature e la meccanica, sia l’indicatore di offshoring che di specializzazione verticale presentano valori al di sotto di quello del settore manifatturiero.

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Article provided by Camera di Commercio di Genova in its journal Economia Internazionale / International Economics.

Volume (Year): 63 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 423-450

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Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0605
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  1. Anna M. Falzoni & Lucia Tajoli, 2011. "Offshoring and the Skill Composition of Employment in the Italian Manufacturing Industries," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, issue 1, pages 121-153, January-M.
  2. Raphael Bergoeing & Timothy J. Kehoe & Vanessa Strauss-Kahn & Kei-Mu Yi, 2004. "Why Is Manufacturing Trade Rising Even as Manufacturing Output is Falling?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 134-138, May.
  3. Emanuele Breda & Rita Cappariello & Roberta Zizza, 2007. "Vertical Specialisation in Europe: Evidence from the Import Content of Exports," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 97(3), pages 189, May-June.
  4. David L. Hummels & Jun Ishii & Kei-Mu Yi, 1999. "The nature and growth of vertical specialization in world trade," Staff Reports 72, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  5. Kei-Mu Yi, 2003. "Can Vertical Specialization Explain the Growth of World Trade?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 111(1), pages 52-102, February.
  6. Norihiko Yamano & Nadim Ahmad, 2006. "The OECD Input-Output Database: 2006 Edition," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2006/8, OECD Publishing.
  7. Francesco Daveri & Cecilia Jona-Lasinio, 2008. "Off-Shoring and Productivity Growth in the Italian Manufacturing Industries," CESifo Working Paper Series 2288, CESifo Group Munich.
  8. Koen De Backer & Norihiko Yamano, 2007. "The Measurement of Globalisation using International Input-Output Tables," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2007/8, OECD Publishing.
  9. Alexander Hijzen & Holger Görg & Robert C. Hine, 2004. "International Outsourcing and the Skill Structure of Labour Demand in the United Kingdom," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 437, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  10. Karsten Bjerring Olsen, 2006. "Productivity Impacts of Offshoring and Outsourcing: A Review," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2006/1, OECD Publishing.
  11. Brian Wixted & Norihiko Yamano & Colin Webb, 2006. "Input-Output Analysis in an Increasingly Globalised World: Applications of OECD's Harmonised International Tables," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2006/7, OECD Publishing.
  12. Helg, Rodolfo & Tajoli, Lucia, 2005. "Patterns of international fragmentation of production and the relative demand for labor," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 233-254, August.
  13. Egger, Hartmut & Egger, Peter, 2005. "Labor market effects of outsourcing under industrial interdependence," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 349-363.
  14. Jagdish Bhagwati & Arvind Panagariya, 2004. "The Muddles over Outsourcing," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(4), pages 93-114, Fall.
  15. Hartmut Egger & Peter Egger, 2001. "Market Concentration and International Outsourcing," WIFO Working Papers 166, WIFO.
  16. David L. Hummels & Dana Rapoport & Kei-Mu Yi, 1998. "Vertical specialization and the changing nature of world trade," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Jun, pages 79-99.
  17. Chiara BROCCOLINI & Alessia LO TURCO & Andrea PRESBITERO & Stefano STAFFOLANI, 2007. "International Outsourcing vs. ICT in explaining the wage gap in Italian Manufacturing," Working Papers 299, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
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