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Prestaciones por desempleo y tasa de paro en España

Author

Listed:
  • José Francisco Bellod Redondo

    () (Universidad de Murcia)

Abstract

En este trabajo investigamos el papel que juegan las prestaciones sociales pagadas en España a las personas desempleadas en la determinación de la tasa de paro. Aunque en la teoría económica, principalmente a nivel microeconómico, predomina la idea de que las prestaciones sociales reducen la disposición a aceptar puestos de trabajo y, ceteris paribus, aumentan el desempleo; en este trabajo ofrecemos evidencia empírica con un enfoque macroeconómico, mediante un modelo VEC, para el periodo 2003 – 2016 que revela todo lo contrario: las prestaciones por desempleo han actuado en ese periodo como un poderoso estabilizador automático a favor del crecimiento del PIB y de la contención de la tasa de paro. Una reforma que hubiera reducido la "generosidad" del sistema de prestaciones habría elevado aún más la tasa de paro de equilibrio.

Suggested Citation

  • José Francisco Bellod Redondo, 2017. "Prestaciones por desempleo y tasa de paro en España," Revista de Economía Crítica, Asociación de Economía Crítica, vol. 23, pages 60-81.
  • Handle: RePEc:ret:ecocri:rec23_04
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    References listed on IDEAS

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