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Labor-Market Search and International Business Cycles


  • Jean-Olivier Hairault

    (Eurequa, Université de Paris I)


The objective of this paper is to explain the observed international fluctuations by modifying the traditional modelling of the labor market in the two-country real business cycles model. Our intuition is that labor-market search can be useful to understand the propagation of international fluctuations. Changes in the expected returns to search induce responses in search and recruiting activities, the effects of which are propagated through time via changes in the stock of employment. Given that the technology shock spills over to the other country, domestic and foreign firms start searching at the same time in anticipation. Employment then increases simultaneously and displays a hump-shaped profile in the two countries. This partially curtails the capital outflow from the country which does not benefit from the shock. Introducing in a search framework a non-separability between consumption and leisure in the utility function allows both to solve the consumption puzzle and to complete the explanation of the international comovement puzzle. (Copyright: Elsevier)

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Olivier Hairault, 2002. "Labor-Market Search and International Business Cycles," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 5(3), pages 535-558, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:issued:v:5:y:2002:i:3:p:535-558
    DOI: 10.1006/redy.2001.0154

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Martin Bodenstein & Gunes Kamber & Christoph Thoenissen, 2016. "Commodity prices and labour market dynamics in small open economies," CAMA Working Papers 2016-24, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    2. F. Langot & L. Patureau & T. Sopraseuth, 2014. "Fiscal Devaluation and Structural Gaps," Working papers 508, Banque de France.
    3. Eleni Iliopulos & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2014. "Welfare Cost of Fluctuations: when Labor Market Search Interacts with Financial Frictions," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 14042, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    4. Ravenna, Federico & Walsh, Carl E., 2008. "Vacancies, unemployment, and the Phillips curve," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(8), pages 1494-1521, November.
    5. Julien Albertini & Güneş Kamber & Michael Kirker, 2012. "Estimated Small Open Economy Model With Frictional Unemployment," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(2), pages 326-353, May.
    6. Aurélien Eyquem & Jean-Christophe Poutineau, 2010. "Markets Integration and Macroeconomic. Dispersion in a Monetary Union," Recherches économiques de Louvain, De Boeck Université, vol. 76(1), pages 5-30.
    7. Givens, Gregory E., 2011. "Unemployment insurance in a sticky-price model with worker moral hazard," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 1192-1214, August.
    8. Carl E. Walsh, 2005. "Labor Market Search, Sticky Prices, and Interest Rate Policies," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 8(4), pages 829-849, October.
    9. Rzigui, Lotfi, 2005. "External shocks and economic fluctuations: evidence from Tunisia," MPRA Paper 630, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Dec 2005.
    10. Reicher, Christopher Phillip, 2009. "What can a New Keynesian labor matching model match?," Kiel Working Papers 1496, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    11. Busl, Claudia & Seymen, Atılım, 2013. "The German labour market reforms in a European context: A DSGE analysis," ZEW Discussion Papers 13-097, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    12. Auray, Stéphane & Eyquem, Aurélien & Poutineau, Jean-Christophe, 2010. "The Welfare Gains Of Trade Integration In The European Monetary Union," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(05), pages 645-676, November.
    13. Tang, Jenn-Hong, 2007. "Gross job flows and technology shocks in nondurable and durable goods sectors," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 326-354, June.
    14. Thomas, Carlos, 2008. "Search and matching frictions and optimal monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(5), pages 936-956, July.
    15. Danilo Liberati, 2014. "An estimated DSGE model with search and matching frictions in the credit market," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 986, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    16. Arnaud Chéron & François Langot, 2008. "Équilibre général stochastique et dynamique non-walrasienne du marché du travail," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(2), pages 93-113.
    17. repec:mes:emfitr:v:53:y:2017:i:1:p:128-149 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Raquel Fonseca & Lise Patureau & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2009. "Divergence in Labor Market Institutions and International Business Cycles," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, pages 279-314.
    19. Sumru Altug & Serdar Kabaca, 2017. "Search Frictions, Financial Frictions, and Labor Market Fluctuations in Emerging Markets," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(1), pages 128-149, January.
    20. Antonella Trigari, 2006. "The Role of Search Frictions and Bargaining for Inflation Dynamics," Working Papers 304, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    21. Cook, David & Xu, Juanyi, 2015. "Eurosclerosis and international business cycles," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 54-67.
    22. M. Alper Çenesiz & Christian Pierdzioch, 2009. "Labor-Market Search, Financial Market Integration, and the Fiscal Multiplier," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(5), pages 986-1000, November.
    23. Dao, Mai Chi, 2013. "Foreign labor costs and domestic employment: What are the spillovers?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(1), pages 154-171.
    24. Alper Çenesiz, M. & Pierdzioch, Christian, 2009. "Efficiency wages, financial market integration, and the fiscal multiplier," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 853-867, September.
    25. Patureau, Lise, 2012. "Labor market frictions and the international propagation mechanism," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 199-222.

    More about this item


    international business cycles; search; wage bargaining;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • J40 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - General


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