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Liquidity Contraints and Business Cycles in Developing Economies

Author

Listed:
  • Benoît Carmichael

    (Département d'Économique, Université Laval)

  • Sikoro Keita

    (USAID/Mali Results Center)

  • Lucie Samson

    (Département d'Économique, Université Laval)

Abstract

Open economy extensions of real business cycle models, even if generally successful, have met some difficulties replicating a few important stylized facts. In particular these models tend to predict excessive consumption smoothing and consumption correlation across countries. The observed negative correlation between the trade balance and output in developing countries, the variability of the trade balance and its correlation with the terms of trade have also proven difficult to reproduce. The paper considers how introduction of incomplete markets in the form of liquidity constraints can alleviate these problems. This analysis suggests that adding liquidity constraints helps predict the variability of consumption relative to output. It also improves our estimate of the correlation between the trade balance and output. The model correctly replicates the small positive correlation between the terms of trade and the trade balance. However, it slightly underpredicts the variability of the trade balance when fifty percent of the consumers are assumed to be liquidity constrained. (Copyright: Elsevier)

Suggested Citation

  • Benoît Carmichael & Sikoro Keita & Lucie Samson, 1999. "Liquidity Contraints and Business Cycles in Developing Economies," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 2(2), pages 370-402, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:issued:v:2:y:1999:i:2:p:370-402 DOI: 10.1006/redy.1998.0054
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Backus, David K & Kehoe, Patrick J & Kydland, Finn E, 1992. "International Real Business Cycles," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(4), pages 745-775, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kalulumia, Pene & Nyankiye, Francine, 2000. "Labor Adjustment Costs, Macroeconomic Shocks and Real Business Cycles in a Small Open Economy," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, pages 671-694.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial constraints; developing economy; business cycles;

    JEL classification:

    • E13 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Neoclassical
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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