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A Theoretical Assessment of the Formation of IT clusters in Kazakhstan

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  • Anel A Kireyeva

    (Department of Regional Development,Institute of Economics,Kazakhstan)

Abstract

The aim of this research is to develop new theoretical approaches of the formation of IT clusters in order to strengthen of trend of the innovative industrialization and competitiveness of the country. Keeping with the previous literature, this study determines by the novelty of the problem, concerning the formation of IT clusters, which can become a driving force of transformation due to the interaction, improving efficiency and introducing advanced technology. In this research, we used conceptual approach employs the study of different conceptual views of scientists on a specific research object; structured approach involves determination of properties of a whole object by identifying the different relationships; system approach aims to develop research methods and design of complex objects – systems of different types. This study allows to conclude that IT-clusters will be most effective when they evolve naturally, originating under the action of internal forces of consolidation of innovative, information and communications infrastructure (industrial parks, techno polis, research laboratories and business incubators, formation of soft infrastructure), that can help to find quick, innovative and creative ways to solve problems. Key Words: Cluster, Information Technology, IT Cluster, Regional Development

Suggested Citation

  • Anel A Kireyeva, 2016. "A Theoretical Assessment of the Formation of IT clusters in Kazakhstan," International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147-4478), Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 5(3), pages 54-65, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbs:ijbrss:v:5:y:2016:i:3:p:54-65
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-1037, October.
    2. Irina Dezhina, 2013. "Technology platforms and innovation clusters: together or separately?," Research Paper Series, Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, issue 164P, pages 120-120.
    3. Nishimura, Junichi & Okamuro, Hiroyuki, 2011. "Subsidy and networking: The effects of direct and indirect support programs of the cluster policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 714-727, June.
    4. Mauro Giorgio Marrano & Jonathan Haskel & Gavin Wallis, 2009. "What Happened To The Knowledge Economy? Ict, Intangible Investment, And Britain'S Productivity Record Revisited," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 55(3), pages 686-716, September.
    5. Anel A. Kireyeva & Saken S. Yespayev, 2014. "A Study of the Formation of Innovative Clusters As Growth Poles in the Regions of Kazakhstan," International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147-4478), Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 3(1), pages 15-34, January.
    6. Eickelpasch, Alexander & Fritsch, Michael, 2005. "Contests for cooperation--A new approach in German innovation policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1269-1282, October.
    7. Saeed Moshiri & Wayne Simpson, 2011. "Information technology and the changing workplace in Canada: firm-level evidence," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(6), pages 1601-1636, December.
    8. Ron Martin & Peter Sunley, 2003. "Deconstructing clusters: chaotic concept or policy panacea?," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 5-35, January.
    9. repec:bla:stratm:v:26:y:2005:i:3:p:287-295 is not listed on IDEAS
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