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Indicadores tendenciales de inflación y su relevancia como variables indicativas de política monetaria

  • Armas, Adrián
  • Vallejos , Lucy
  • Vega, Marco

El Banco Central de Reserva del Perú opera bajo un esquema de metas explícitas de inflación. Esto implica el compromiso de situar el nivel de inflación en un promedio cercano a 2 por ciento a lo largo del tiempo. Sin embargo, la inflación total presenta alta volatilidad debido principalmente a que el componente de alimentos en la canasta del consumidor es relativamente alto en comparación a países más desarrollados, por lo que las variaciones de precios relativos de los alimentos afectan la inflación total de una manera más drástica. El propósito de este documento es caracterizar el proceso inflacionario reciente en varias dimensiones. Así, se descompone la dinámica de la inflación en márgenes intensivos y extensivos, se estudia además la relación entre la tasa de inflación y los momentos de corte transversal en las variaciones de precios, la volatilidad de la inflación, las expectativas inflacionarias, diversos indicadores de inflación, y por último se evalúa un grupo de medidas de inflación subyacente.

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File URL: http://www.bcrp.gob.pe/docs/Publicaciones/Revista-Estudios-Economicos/20/ree-20-armas-vallejos-vega.pdf
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Article provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its journal Revista Estudios Económicos.

Volume (Year): (2011)
Issue (Month): 20 ()
Pages: 27-56

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Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-20-02
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  1. Robert A. Amano & R. Tiff Macklem, 1997. "Menu Costs, Relative Prices, and Inflation: Evidence for Canada," Staff Working Papers 97-14, Bank of Canada.
  2. Blinder, Alan S. & Ehrmann, Michael & de Haan, Jakob & Fratzscher, Marcel & Jansen, David-Jan, 2008. "Central Bank communication and monetary policy: a survey of theory and evidence," Working Paper Series 0898, European Central Bank.
  3. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Danny Quah, 1988. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbance," Working papers 497, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  4. David Baqaee, 2009. "Using wavelets to measure core inflation: the case in New Zealand," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Discussion Paper Series DP2009/05, Reserve Bank of New Zealand.
  5. Laurence Ball & N. Gregory Mankiw, 1995. "Relative-Price Changes as Aggregate Supply Shocks," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(1), pages 161-193.
  6. Armas, Adrián & Grippa, Francisco & Quispe, Zenón & Valdivia, Luis, 2001. "De metas monetarias a metas de inflación en una economía con dolarización parcial: El caso peruano," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 7.
  7. Bakhshi, Hasan, 2002. "Inflation and relative price variability," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 27-33, June.
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