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Estimación del pass-through del tipo de cambio a precios: 1995-2002

Listed author(s):
  • Miller, Shirley
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    En este trabajo se estima la elasticidad del pass-through del tipo de cambio y precios importados hacia los precios al consumidor de la economía peruana para el período 1995-2002. La metodología se basa en el uso de vectores autorregresivos (VAR) que permite desarrollar un modelo de distribución de precios entre el importador, productor y consumidor. Los resultados muestran que el pass-through del tipo de cambio hacia los precios importados es significativo (83 por ciento en el largo plazo), mientras que el pass-through del tipo de cambio hacia los precios al consumidor es bajo (16 por ciento en el largo plazo), lo que sugiere que los productores absorben la mayor parte del choque de tipo de cambio mediante un ajuste de sus márgenes de ganancias. De otro lado, el pass-through de precios importados hacia los precios al consumidor (no motivado por un cambio en el tipo de cambio) es relativamente mayor (33 por ciento en el largo plazo). Finalmente, a partir del uso de vectores autorregresivos estructurales (SVAR), se analiza la fuente principal de los choques de tipo de cambio y precios, así como su respuesta a cada uno de ellos. Se halla un mayor pass-through de tipo de cambio hacia precios en el caso de choques nominales que en el caso de choques reales.

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    Article provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its journal Revista Estudios Económicos.

    Volume (Year): (2003)
    Issue (Month): 10 ()

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    Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-10-05
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    1. Jose Manuel Campa & Linda S. Goldberg, 2002. "Exchange rate pass-through into import prices: a macro or micro phenomenon?," Staff Reports 149, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    2. Hausmann, Ricardo & Panizza, Ugo & Stein, Ernesto, 2001. "Why do countries float the way they float?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 387-414, December.
    3. Choudhri, Ehsan U. & Hakura, Dalia S., 2006. "Exchange rate pass-through to domestic prices: Does the inflationary environment matter?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 614-639, June.
    4. Jonathan McCarthy, 2007. "Pass-Through of Exchange Rates and Import Prices to Domestic Inflation in Some Industrialized Economies," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 33(4), pages 511-537, Fall.
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