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Peasant Economy: Yesterday and Today


  • Michele De Benedictis


The issue of peasant economy and conditions is examined taking as reference point Manlio Rossi-Doria’s deliberations on the subject – a set of propositions that led to a full-fledged analytic paradigm, progressively developed between 1920 and 1960. In its ultimate formulation the paradigm addresses three different lines of research: 1) the analytic essence and structure of the peasant economy; 2) land reform policies; 3) the repercussions on the peasant sector of transformation processes in the economic system. The Rossi-Doria paradigm also offers a key to interpret the lines of research developed over the last forty years of the last century focusing, at the level of both economic and social-anthropological analysis, on the issue of the peasant economy. The text concludes with some observations on developments in the economic and social prospects for the manifold aspects of the peasant community in a context of increasing insecurity and uncertainty.

Suggested Citation

  • Michele De Benedictis, 2008. "Peasant Economy: Yesterday and Today," QA - Rivista dell'Associazione Rossi-Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, issue 3, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:rar:journl:0079

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Marcus Noland, 2004. "Famine and Reform in North Korea," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 3(2), pages 1-40.
    2. K. Deininger & S. Jin & H. K. Nagarajan, 2009. "Land Reforms, Poverty Reduction, and Economic Growth: Evidence from India," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(4), pages 496-521.
    3. Reardon, Thomas & Barrett, Christopher B., 2000. "Agroindustrialization, globalization, and international development An overview of issues, patterns, and determinants," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 23(3), September.
    4. GianCarlo Moschini, 2008. "Biotechnology and the development of food markets: retrospect and prospects," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 35(3), pages 331-355, September.
    5. Pasquale Lucio Scandizzo, 2009. "Science and Technology in World Agriculture: The World Development Report as an Example of “Achievement Narratives”," QA - Rivista dell'Associazione Rossi-Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, issue 1, March.
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    More about this item


    Peasant Economy; Land Reform;

    JEL classification:

    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • N50 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - General, International, or Comparative


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