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La pertinence de la politique rurale à l’aune des théories de la justice


  • Yves Schaeffer

    () (CEMAGREF, UR DTGR, 2 rue de la Papeterie, BP 76, F-38402 St Martin d’Hères et AgroSup Dijon, UMR-1041 CESAER, Université de Bourgogne, France)

  • Francis Aubert

    (AgroSup, UMR-1041 CESAER, Dijon, France)


[paper in French] How to evaluate the relevance of the French rural policy? When the question is to what extent the objectives of the policy are reached owing to public interventions, the method is relatively well known. However, when the question is to what extent these objectives are relevant, an important problem is faced: the referential of this evaluation is indefinite. In this article, we propose to define this referential on the basis of moral and political philosophy: The objectives are relevant if they are derived from a conception of justice that is itself relevant. From this viewpoint, the relevance of the current orientations of the rural policy is dubious, since they rest on weak and questionable philosophical foundations. Beyond this analysis, we want to stress on the importance for the State to adopt a clear conception of justice, so as to firmly found its action.

Suggested Citation

  • Yves Schaeffer & Francis Aubert, 2010. "La pertinence de la politique rurale à l’aune des théories de la justice," Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies - Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement, INRA Department of Economics, vol. 91(1), pages 73-101.
  • Handle: RePEc:rae:jourae:v:91:y:2010:i:1:p:73-101

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Karine Daniel & Maureen Kilkenny, 2009. "Agricultural Subsidies and Rural Development," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(3), pages 504-529.
    2. Callois, Jean-Marc, 2006. "Quality labels and rural development : a new economic geography approach," Cahiers d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales (CESR), INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research), vol. 78.
    3. James Konow, 2003. "Which Is the Fairest One of All? A Positive Analysis of Justice Theories," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 41(4), pages 1188-1239, December.
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    More about this item


    : rural policy; evaluation; relevance; social justice; Rawls;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy


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