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Appariement et concurrence spatiale sur le marché du travail

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  • Jacques-François Thisse
  • Yves Zenou

Abstract

[fre] Tout individu, une fois embauché par une entreprise, doit subir un coût de for­mation spécifique de manière à être mieux apparié avec son emploi. Dans cet article, nous proposons un modèle de concurrence spatiale dans lequel les entreprises sont en compétition sur le marché du travail ; chacune essaie d'attirer des travailleurs ayant le même niveau de formation générale mais des degrés de spécialisation différents proches de ses besoins spécifiques. En développant deux approches distinctes, l'une où la formation spécifique est complètement financée par les travailleurs, l'autre où le financement est pris en charge à la fois par les travailleurs et l'entreprise, nous démontrons dans chaque cas l'existence d'un salaire unique de long terme et étudions ses propriétés. [eng] In this article we propose spatial competition model where firms compete in the labor market in order to attract workers with the same level of general human capital but diffe- rent degree of specialisation according to the firm requirement We develop two approa ches one where the cost of the specific training is totally financed by the workers the other where it is shared by both the firm and the workers In each case we show the exis tence of unique long run wage and we study its properties

Suggested Citation

  • Jacques-François Thisse & Yves Zenou, 1995. "Appariement et concurrence spatiale sur le marché du travail," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 46(3), pages 615-624.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1995_num_46_3_409669
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1995.409669
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1984. "Matching, Turnover, and Unemployment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(1), pages 108-122, February.
    2. McKenna, Chris J, 1980. "Wage Offers, Layoffs and the Firm in an Uncertain Labour Market," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 48(3), pages 255-264, September.
    3. Gérard Ballot & Yves Zénou, 1992. "Appariement et rotation de la main-d'oeuvre : une analyse théorique et économétrique sur données de panel," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 102(1), pages 129-142.
    4. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1979. "Job Matching and the Theory of Turnover," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 972-990, October.
    5. Wauthy, Xavier, 1992. "Matching in the Presence of Heterogenous Skills: An Application of the Vertical Differentiaion Theory," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 1992016, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    6. Jacques-François Thisse & Suzanne Scotchmer, 1993. "Les implications de l'espace pour la concurrence," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 44(4), pages 653-670.
    7. Lazear, Edward P, 1979. "Why Is There Mandatory Retirement?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1261-1284, December.
    8. Nancy L. Stokey, 1980. "Job Differentiation and Wages," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 95(3), pages 431-449.
    9. Steven C. Salop, 1979. "Monopolistic Competition with Outside Goods," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 10(1), pages 141-156, Spring.
    10. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1979. "Firm-specific Capital and Turnover," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1246-1260, December.
    11. Mortensen, Dale T, 1988. "Wages, Separations, and Job Tenure: On-the-Job Specific Training or Matching?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 6(4), pages 445-471, October.
    12. Zenou, Yves & Smith, Tony E., 1995. "Efficiency wages, involuntary unemployment and urban spatial structure," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 547-573, August.
    13. Ethier, Wilfred J, 1982. "National and International Returns to Scale in the Modern Theory of International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 389-405, June.
    14. Fujita, Masahisa & Thisse, Jacques-François & Zenou, Yves, 1994. "Firm Location and Job Creation in Cities," CEPR Discussion Papers 1011, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    15. Romer, Paul M, 1987. "Growth Based on Increasing Returns Due to Specialization," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(2), pages 56-62, May.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Stéphane VIROL (IERSO-IFReDE-GRES), 2006. "Three dimensions of regional integration process in Europe: an approach by spatial econometrics (In French)," Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) 2006-16, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
    2. Jacques-François Thisse & Gilles Duranton, 1996. "La politique foncière dans une économie spatiale," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 47(2), pages 227-261.
    3. Cécile Détang-Dessendre & Florence Goffette-Nagot & Virginie Piguet, 2008. "Life Cycle And Migration To Urban And Rural Areas: Estimation Of A Mixed Logit Model On French Data," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(4), pages 789-824.
    4. Clémence Berson, 2016. "Local labor markets and taste-based discrimination," IZA Journal of Labor Economics, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-21, December.
    5. Cécile Détang-Dessendre & Florence Goffette-Nagot & Virginie Piguet, 2004. "Life-cycle position and migration to urban and rural areas: estimations of a mixed logit model on French data," Post-Print halshs-00180128, HAL.
    6. Jacques-François Thisse & Tanguy van Ypersele, 1999. "Métropoles et concurrence territoriale," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 326(1), pages 19-30.
    7. Laurence Rioux, 2000. "Human Capital, Local Labor Markets and Regional Interaction," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1740, Econometric Society.
    8. Yves Zenou, 1996. "Marché du travail et économie urbaine. Essai d'intégration," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 47(2), pages 263-288.
    9. Cécile Detang-Dessendre & Sonia Bellit, 2013. "Les trajectoires professionnelles des salariés agricoles / Career paths of agricultural workers," INRA UMR CESAER Working Papers 2013/3, INRA UMR CESAER, Centre d'’Economie et Sociologie appliquées à l'’Agriculture et aux Espaces Ruraux.
    10. Zenou, Yves, 1999. "Comment lutter contre le chômage lorsque les travailleurs sont hétérogènes?," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 75(1), pages 519-536, mars-juin.

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