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Comment lutter contre le chômage lorsque les travailleurs sont hétérogènes?

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  • Zenou, Yves

    (ERMES, Université Panthéon-Assas)

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a different explanation of unemployment based on both workers' and firms' heterogeneity in the labor market. Indeed, even though workers have the same general human capital level, they differ in their ability of learning a specific technology whereas firms are heterogeneous in their job requirement. In this framework, we show that unemployment is due to both job mismatch and uncertain fluctuations of product prices. We then contemplate different policies aiming at reducing unemployment: reducing unemployment benefits, establishing a minimum wage, subsidizing specific training. Dans cet article, nous proposons une explication différente du chômage fondée sur l’introduction explicite de l’hétérogénéité de la main-d’oeuvre et des entreprises sur le marché du travail. Le chômage est dû ici à la fois à un problème d’appariement entre le niveau exigé par les entreprises en terme de qualification et celui des individus, et aux fluctuations incertaines de la demande des produits. Dans ce contexte, nous tentons d’évaluer les différentes politiques qui permettent de réduire le chômage : allocations chômage, salaire minimum, subvention de la formation professionnelle.

Suggested Citation

  • Zenou, Yves, 1999. "Comment lutter contre le chômage lorsque les travailleurs sont hétérogènes?," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 75(1), pages 519-536, mars-juin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:75:y:1999:i:1:p:519-536
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Juan Dolado & Francis Kramarz & Steven Machin & Alan Manning & David Margolis & Coen Teulings, 1996. "The Economic Impact of Minimum Wages in Europe," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00353896, HAL.
    2. Jacques-François Thisse & Yves Zenou, 1995. "Appariement et concurrence spatiale sur le marché du travail," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 46(3), pages 615-624.
    3. Yves Zenou & Sebastien Steinmetz, 2001. "On the Existence of Spatial Monopolies Under Free Entry," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 4(8), pages 1-10.
    4. Assar Lindbeck & Dennis J. Snower, 1989. "The Insider-Outsider Theory of Employment and Unemployment," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026262074x, January.
    5. Stephen Machin & Alan Manning, 1992. "Minimum Wages," CEP Discussion Papers dp0080, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    6. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00353896 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Kats, Amoz, 1995. "More on Hotelling's stability in competition," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 89-93, March.
    8. repec:cor:louvrp:-1306 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Jacques-François Thisse & Yves Zenou, 1998. "Impact de la formation des salaires sur la structure résidentielle," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 49(3), pages 891-899.
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