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Comportement des consommateurs face aux aliments «avec OGM» et «sans OGM»: une étude expérimentale


  • Charles Noussair
  • Stéphane Robin
  • Bernard Ruffieux


[eng] Consumer behaviour with regard to gmo's in the food supply: an experimental study - In this paper we study the French consumer behaviors with regard to the use of genetically modified organisms in the food supply. We report the results of an economic experiment in which we elicited willingness-to-pay information for products that contained gmo's and others that were GMO-free at various thresholds. A well established European survey reveals public opinion on the same subject. Participants in both the experiment and the survey were a demographically representative sample of French urban households. We find that actual consumer behavior exhibits a lower level of hostility toward GMO's than that suggested by the survey. [fre] Dans cet article, les comportements effectifs des consommateurs concernant l'utilisation de produits génétiquement modifiés dans l'alimentation humaine sont étudiés. Il rend compte des résultats d'une expérience économique dans laquelle sont observées les propensions à payer effectives des consommateurs pour des produits alimentaires contenant des ogm et d'autres n'en contenant pas, avec différents niveaux de seuils de contamination fortuite. Un sondage européen bien établi révèle les opinions sur ces questions. Les participants à l'expérience et les sondés sont démographiquement représentatifs des chefs de ménages urbains français. Les comportements effectifs des consommateurs s'avèrent être plus nuancés et plus hétérogènes que les opinions révélées par le sondage.

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  • Charles Noussair & Stéphane Robin & Bernard Ruffieux, 2001. "Comportement des consommateurs face aux aliments «avec OGM» et «sans OGM»: une étude expérimentale," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 266(1), pages 30-44.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2001_num_266_1_5274
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2001.5274

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fox, John A. & Hayes, Dermot J. & Shogren, Jason F. & Kliebenstein, James B., 1996. "Experimental Methods In Consumer Preference Studies," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 27(2), July.
    2. Hayes, D. J. & Fox, J. A. & Shogren, J. F., 2002. "Experts and activists: how information affects the demand for food irradiation," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 185-193, April.
    3. J.F. Shogren & T.M. Hurley, 1999. "Experiments in Environmental Economics," Chapters,in: Handbook of Environmental and Resource Economics, chapter 76 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Buzby, Jean C. & Fox, John A. & Ready, Richard C. & Crutchfleld, Stephen R., 1998. "Measuring Consumer Benefits of Food Safety Risk Reductions," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 30(01), pages 69-82, July.
    5. Buhr, Brian L. & Hayes, Dermot J. & Shogren, Jason F. & Kliebenstein, James B., 1993. "Valuing Ambiguity: The Case Of Genetically Engineered Growth Enhancers," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 18(02), December.
    6. Fox, John A. & Hayes, Dermot J. & Kliebenstein, James & Shogren, Jason F., 1994. "Consumer Acceptability of Milk from Cows Treated with Bovine Somatotropin," Staff General Research Papers Archive 702, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bazoche, P. & Deola, C. & Soler, Louis-Georges, 2008. "An experimental study of wine consumers’ willingness to pay for environmental characteristics," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 43651, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

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