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Les conflits d'intérêt entre travailleurs qualifiés et travailleurs non qualifiés

Listed author(s):
  • Pierre Granier
  • Philippe Michel

[fre] Les conflits d'intérêt entre travailleurs qualifiés et travailleurs non qualifiés, par Pierre Granier, Philippe Michel. Cet article montre, dans le cadre d'un modèle très simplifié, l'existence d'un conflit d'intérêt pouvant opposer les travailleurs qualifiés à ceux qui sont dépourvus de qualification. Plus précisément, il suggère qu'en présence d'imperfections du marché du travail, les travailleurs qualifiés peuvent s'approprier une rente de situation générant du chômage parmi les travailleurs non qualifiés. Un système linéaire de taxes et de subventions peut accroître l'emploi sans faire disparaître cette rente de situation. [eng] Clashes of Interest Between Skilled Workers and Unskilled Workers, by Pierre Granier and Philippe Michel. This articles uses a highly simplified model to prove the existence of a clash of interest capable of bringing skilled workers into conflict with those lacking in qualifications. To be more precise, it suggests that skilled workers can benefit from labour market imperfections to gain a situation rent generating unemployment among unskilled workers. A linear tax and subsidy system could increase employment without eliminating this situation rent. [ger] Die Interessenkonflikte zwischen qualifizierten und unqualifizierten Arbeitnehmern, von Pierre Granier, Philippe Michel. Im Rahmen eines sehr vereinfachten Modells wird in diesem Artikel das mögliche Auftreten eines Interessenkonfliktes zwischen qualifizierten und unquaUfizierten Arbeitnehmern aufgezeigt. Insbesondere wird die Vermutung nahegelegt, daß sich die qualifizierten Beschäftigten bei Unvollkommenheiten des Arbeitsmarktes einen Besitzstand aneignen können, der bei den unqualifizierten Beschäftigten Arbeitslosigkeit verursacht. Ein lineares Abgaben- und Subventionssystem kann die Beschäftigung ohne Beseitigung dieses Besitzstandes erhöhen. [spa] Los conflictos de interés entre trabajdores cualificados y trabajadores no cualificados, por Pierre Granier, Philippe Michel. Este artículo muestra, dentro del marco de un modelo muy simplificado, la existencia de un conflicto de interés que puede oponer a los trabajadores cualificados a aquellos que no tienen cualificación. Para ser más precisos, sugiere que al haber imperfecciones del mercado de trabajo, los trabajadores cualificados pueden sacar provecho de una situación que genera paro entre los trabajadores no cualificados. Un sistema linear de tasas y subsidios puede incrementar el empleo sin hacer desaparecer esta situación.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 115 (1994)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 125-139

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1994_num_115_4_5691
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1994.5691
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Cahuc, Pierre & Michel, Philippe, 1996. "Minimum wage unemployment and growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(7), pages 1463-1482, August.
  2. Anderson, Simon P & Devereux, Michael, 1988. " Trade Unions and the Choice of Capital Stock," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 90(1), pages 27-44.
  3. Buiter, Willem H. & Kletzer, Kenneth, 1991. "Persistent Differences in National Productivity Growth Rates with a Common Technology and Free Capital Mobility," CEPR Discussion Papers 542, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Oswald, Andrew J, 1985. " The Economic Theory of Trade Unions: An Introductory Survey," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 87(2), pages 160-193.
  5. Grout, Paul A, 1984. "Investment and Wages in the Absence of Binding Contracts: A Nash Bargining Approach," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(2), pages 449-460, March.
  6. Lockwood, Ben & Manning, Alan, 1993. "Wage setting and the tax system theory and evidence for the United Kingdom," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 1-29, August.
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