Interaction between Monetary and Fiscal Policy in a Small Open Economy with Autonomous Monetary Policy and Fiscal Policy Rule
The study discusses central bank’s and government’s behaviour in a small open economy with a strong autonomous monetary policy and fiscal policy restricted by fiscal policy rule. Composed model thus fully corresponds to the Czech reality, where the Czech National Bank’s independency is evaluated as a very strong one, its monetary-policy regime is inflation targeting and Czech public finance, or the General Government Sector’s finance (according to the system of national accounts ESA 95), must follow fiscal policy rules of the Stability and Growth Pact. It simply claims deficits not to exceed the 3% level of GDP and public debt should remain below the 60% of GDP limit. Because the Czech economy is not confronted with the “excessive debt” problem and it seems it won’t be for a few years, the analysis focuses an attention especially on deficit limit criteria. The last part of the study is denoted to the common monetary policy and individual fiscal policy problematic, again from the small open economy point of view. The study could contribute to solution of the question, what fiscal policy should be practiced before and after the Economic and Monetary Union entrance.
Volume (Year): 2 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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