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Interaction between Monetary and Fiscal Policy in a Small Open Economy with Autonomous Monetary Policy and Fiscal Policy Rule

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  • David Prusvic

    () (University of Economics, Prague)

Abstract

The study discusses central bank’s and government’s behaviour in a small open economy with a strong autonomous monetary policy and fiscal policy restricted by fiscal policy rule. Composed model thus fully corresponds to the Czech reality, where the Czech National Bank’s independency is evaluated as a very strong one, its monetary-policy regime is inflation targeting and Czech public finance, or the General Government Sector’s finance (according to the system of national accounts ESA 95), must follow fiscal policy rules of the Stability and Growth Pact. It simply claims deficits not to exceed the 3% level of GDP and public debt should remain below the 60% of GDP limit. Because the Czech economy is not confronted with the “excessive debt” problem and it seems it won’t be for a few years, the analysis focuses an attention especially on deficit limit criteria. The last part of the study is denoted to the common monetary policy and individual fiscal policy problematic, again from the small open economy point of view. The study could contribute to solution of the question, what fiscal policy should be practiced before and after the Economic and Monetary Union entrance.

Suggested Citation

  • David Prusvic, 2008. "Interaction between Monetary and Fiscal Policy in a Small Open Economy with Autonomous Monetary Policy and Fiscal Policy Rule," ACTA VSFS, University of Finance and Administration, vol. 2(1), pages 56-79.
  • Handle: RePEc:prf:journl:v:2:y:2008:i:1:p:56-79
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Wagner, Wolf & Marsh, Ian W., 2006. "Credit risk transfer and financial sector stability," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 173-193, June.
    2. Boris Hofmann, 2001. "The determinants of private sector credit in industrialised countries: do property prices matter?," BIS Working Papers 108, Bank for International Settlements.
    3. Gordy, Michael B., 2003. "A risk-factor model foundation for ratings-based bank capital rules," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 199-232, July.
    4. Lucas, Andre & Klaassen, Pieter & Spreij, Peter & Straetmans, Stefan, 2001. "An analytic approach to credit risk of large corporate bond and loan portfolios," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(9), pages 1635-1664, September.
    5. John G. Cragg & Russell S. Uhler, 1970. "The Demand for Automobiles," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 3(3), pages 386-406, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal Policy; Monetary Policy; Fiscal Policy Rule; Monetary Policy Rule; Interaction; Open Economy; Inflation Targeting;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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