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Nonparametric Estimation of State-Price Densities Implicit in Interest Rate Cap Prices

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  • Haitao Li
  • Feng Zhao

Abstract

Based on a multivariate extension of the constrained locally polynomial estimator of Aït-Sahalia and Duarte (2003), we provide one of the first nonparametric estimates of probability densities of LIBOR rates under forward martingale measures and state-price densities (SPDs) implicit in interest rate cap prices. The forward densities and SPDs depend significantly on the slope and volatility of LIBOR rates, and mortgage markets activities have strong impacts on the shape of the forward densities. The SPDs exhibit a pronounced U-shape as a function of future LIBOR rates, suggesting that the state prices are high at both extremely low and high interest rates, which tend to be associated with recessions and periods of high inflation, respectively. Our results provide nonparametric evidence of unspanned stochastic volatility and suggest that the unspanned factors could be partly driven by activities in the mortgage markets. The Author 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Society for Financial Studies. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org., Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Haitao Li & Feng Zhao, 2009. "Nonparametric Estimation of State-Price Densities Implicit in Interest Rate Cap Prices," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(11), pages 4335-4376, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:22:y:2009:i:11:p:4335-4376
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/rfs/hhp025
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. R. López & E. Navarro, 2013. "Interest rate and stock return volatility indices for the Eurozone. Investors' gauges of fear during the recent financial crisis," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(18), pages 1419-1432, September.
    2. Ivanova, Vesela & Puigvert Gutiérrez, Josep Maria, 2014. "Interest rate forecasts, state price densities and risk premium from Euribor options," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 210-223.
    3. Li, Gang & Zhang, Chu, 2016. "On the relationship between conditional jump intensity and diffusive volatility," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 196-213.
    4. Gang Li & Chu Zhang, 2010. "On the Number of State Variables in Options Pricing," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 56(11), pages 2058-2075, November.
    5. Covarrubias, Enrique & Hernández-del-Valle, Gerardo, 2016. "Inflation expectations derived from a portfolio model," MPRA Paper 69489, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Song, Zhaogang & Xiu, Dacheng, 2016. "A tale of two option markets: Pricing kernels and volatility risk," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 190(1), pages 176-196.
    7. Christoffersen, Peter & Jacobs, Kris & Chang, Bo Young, 2013. "Forecasting with Option-Implied Information," Handbook of Economic Forecasting, Elsevier.
    8. Leippold, Markus & Strømberg, Jacob, 2014. "Time-changed Lévy LIBOR market model: Pricing and joint estimation of the cap surface and swaption cube," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 111(1), pages 224-250.
    9. Biao Guo & Qian Han & Doojin Ryu, 2013. "The Number of State Variables for CDS Pricing," WISE Working Papers 2013-10-14, Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics (WISE), Xiamen University.
    10. Kwai S. Leung & Hon Y. Ng & Hoi Y. Wong, 2014. "Stochastic Skew in the Interest Rate Cap Market," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 34(12), pages 1146-1169, December.
    11. Karl Härdle, Wolfgang & López-Cabrera, Brenda & Teng, Huei-Wen, 2015. "State price densities implied from weather derivatives," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 106-125.
    12. Fousseni Chabi-Yo, 2012. "Pricing Kernels with Stochastic Skewness and Volatility Risk," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 58(3), pages 624-640, March.
    13. Kitsul, Yuriy & Wright, Jonathan H., 2013. "The economics of options-implied inflation probability density functions," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(3), pages 696-711.
    14. Li, Gang & Zhang, Chu, 2013. "Diagnosing affine models of options pricing: Evidence from VIX," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(1), pages 199-219.

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