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Fiscal versus Monetary Dominance: Evidence from Iran

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Listed:
  • Pourmohammad Gelsefidi , Seyed Hamid

    () (Kish International Campus, University of Tehran)

  • Tayyebnia , Ali

    () (University of Tehran)

  • Mehrara , Mohsen

    () (University of Tehran)

  • Amirian , Roodabeh

    () (Sharif University of Technology)

Abstract

In this paper, we dealt with fiscal dominance, which is a situation in which the fiscal authority sets its expenditure and taxes without regard to any requirement of intertemporal budget balance. Therefore, the monetary authority must adjust its policies to ensure that the government budget is in balance. The existence of oil revenues for the government on the one hand and its lack of access to the financial market, on the other hand, are reasons that we can see financial repression and fiscal dominance in the economy of Iran. This paper presents forward-looking estimates of the relationship between the change in the consolidated primary deficit and the change in the monetary base. This study covers the period 1978-2017, and an autoregressive approach is applied. We conclude that using the budget data only, the existence of fiscal dominance cannot be rejected.

Suggested Citation

  • Pourmohammad Gelsefidi , Seyed Hamid & Tayyebnia , Ali & Mehrara , Mohsen & Amirian , Roodabeh, 2018. "Fiscal versus Monetary Dominance: Evidence from Iran," Journal of Money and Economy, Monetary and Banking Research Institute, Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, vol. 13(3), pages 375-400, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:mbr:jmonec:v:13:y:2018:i:3:p:375-400
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal Dominance; Monetary Dominance; Macroeconomics; Financial Market;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C40 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - General
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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