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Túlképzés, alulképzés és bérhozam a magyar munkaerőpiacon, 1994-2002
[Over-education, under-education and wage premiums on the Hungarian labour market, 1994-2002]

  • Galasi, Péter
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    A tanulmányban a túl-, illetve az alulképzés keresetekre gyakorolt hatását vizsgáltuk a magyar munkaerőpiacon az 1994 és 2002 közötti időszakban. Az iskolai végzettséget az elvégzett osztályok számával, az adott foglalkozás gyakorlásához szükséges iskolai végzettséget a foglalkozások modális iskolai végzettségével, a túl-, illetve az alulképzést a szükséges iskolai végzettséghez képest hiányzó, illetve többletosztályokkal közelítettük. Azt találtuk, hogy a szükséges és a többletosztályok bérhozama minden időpontban pozitív, továbbá a többletosztályok bérhozama két év kivételével alacsonyabb, mint a szükséges osztályoké, végül negatív, de a szükséges osztályok bérhozamánál abszolút értékben kisebb bérhozamot láttunk a hiányzó osztályok esetében. Ez azt jelenti, hogy 1. adott iskolai végzettség mellett (többnyire) az éppen szükséges iskolai végzettségű munkavállalók keresete a legmagasabb, 2. a túlképzett munkavállalók keresete (többnyire) alacsonyabb, mint az ugyanolyan iskolai végzettségű, de az iskolai végzettségüknek éppen megfelelő munkahelyen dolgozó munkavállalóké, ugyanakkor magasabb, mint a hasonló munkakörökben dolgozó, a munkakör követelményeinek éppen megfelelő, tehát náluk alacsonyabb iskolai végzettségű munkavállalóké, 3. az alulképzett munkavállalók keresete alacsonyabb, mint a hasonló munkakörökben dolgozó, a munkakör ellátásához éppen szükséges (magasabb) iskolai végzettséggel rendelkező munkavállalóké, de magasabb, mint az azonos iskolai végzettségű, az iskolai végzettségüknek éppen megfelelő munkakörökben dolgozóké. A vizsgált időszakban a túlképzett munkavállalók aránya 11 százalékról 24 százalékra nőtt. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: I20, J24, J41.

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    Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

    Volume (Year): LI (2004)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 449-471

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    Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:683
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