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Institutions and Deposit Insurance: Empirical Evidence

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  • Kathryn L. Dewenter

    (University of Washington)

  • Alan C. Hess

    (University of Washington)

  • Jonathan Brogaard

    () (University of Washington)

Abstract

Do banks’ responses to changes in deposit insurance vary across countries even if the countries have comparable institutions? If so, by how much? Using data on the financial performance of large banks in 15 financially and economically developed countries, we find that where deposit insurance has an effect, it is large and varies depending on the level of economic freedom, rule of law and corruption in the bank’s home country. As in prior papers, we show that during stable economic periods, increases in deposit insurance are associated with higher bank risk, both problem loans and leverage. In most, but not all, cases stronger institutions temper these effects. The institutions’ effects are substantial. For example, average changes in the rule of law double the impact of a change in deposit insurance on bank leverage. We contribute to the substantial literature in this area by showing that the institutional effects are significant even across a set of countries with comparable institutions; by conducting a careful calibration of the economic significance of the effects; by providing evidence that during stable periods changes in deposit insurance only affect bank risk and not other measures of performance; and finally by showing that the effects of both deposit insurance and institutions vary across stable and crisis economic periods. The stable period results are consistent with the moral hazard effects of deposit insurance, while the crisis period results are consistent with endogeneity concerns that poor bank performance could drive changes in regulations.

Suggested Citation

  • Kathryn L. Dewenter & Alan C. Hess & Jonathan Brogaard, 2018. "Institutions and Deposit Insurance: Empirical Evidence," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 54(3), pages 269-292, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jfsres:v:54:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s10693-017-0271-8
    DOI: 10.1007/s10693-017-0271-8
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Matteo, Gatti & Tommaso, Oliviero, 2019. "Deposit Insurance and Banks’ Deposit Rates: Evidence from the 2009 EU Policy Change," Working Papers 419, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised 19 Aug 2019.
    2. DenizAnginer & Ata CanBertay, 2019. "Deposit Insurance," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 17(01), pages 03-08, May.
    3. repec:ces:ifodic:v:17:y:2019:i:1:p:50000000005871 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Matteo Gatti & Tommaso Oliviero, 2019. "Deposit Insurance and Banks’ Deposit Rates: Evidence from the 2009 EU Policy," CSEF Working Papers 532, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.

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    Keywords

    Banking; Regulation; Institutions; Deposit insurance;

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