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Deposit Insurance and Banks’ Deposit Rates: Evidence from the 2009 EU Policy

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Abstract

In early 2009 the EU increased the minimum deposit insurance limit from €20,000 to €100,000 per bank account. Italy was the only country with a limit already set to €103,291 from 1994. To evaluate the impact of the new directive we run a diff-in-diff analysis and compare the bank-size weighted average deposit interest rates of the Eurozone countries with the Italian ones. We find that the increase of deposit insurance leads to a decrease of deposit rates in European countries relative to Italy between 0.3 and 0.7 percentage points. The drop in deposit rates is confirmed by a diff-in-diff analysis run at bank level after implementing a propensity score matching of Italian banks with European ones. We finally show that this effect mainly come from riskier banks confirming that deposit insurance negatively affects deposit rates by reducing the depositors’ required risk-premium.

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  • Matteo Gatti & Tommaso Oliviero, 2019. "Deposit Insurance and Banks’ Deposit Rates: Evidence from the 2009 EU Policy," CSEF Working Papers 532, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:sef:csefwp:532
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    Cited by:

    1. Nicolás de Roux & Nicola Limodio, 2021. "Deposit Insurance and Depositor Behavior: Evidence from Colombia," Documentos CEDE 018800, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Deposit Insurance; Bank Deposit Rates; Policy Evaluation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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