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Do trade and investment agreements lead to more FDI? Accounting for key provisions inside the black box

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  • Axel Berger

    ()

  • Matthias Busse

    ()

  • Peter Nunnenkamp

    ()

  • Martin Roy

    ()

Abstract

The previous literature provides a highly ambiguous picture on the impact of trade and investment agreements on FDI. Most empirical studies ignore the actual content of BITs and RTAs, treating them as “black boxes”, despite the diversity of investment provisions constituting the essence of these agreements. We overcome this serious limitation by analyzing the impact of modalities on the admission of FDI and dispute settlement mechanisms in both RTAs and BITs on bilateral FDI flows between 1978 and 2004. We find that FDI reacts positively to RTAs only if they offer liberal admission rules. Dispute settlement provisions play a minor role. While RTAs without strong investment provisions may even discourage FDI, the reactions to BITs are less discriminate with foreign investors responding favourably to the mere existence of BITs. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2013

Suggested Citation

  • Axel Berger & Matthias Busse & Peter Nunnenkamp & Martin Roy, 2013. "Do trade and investment agreements lead to more FDI? Accounting for key provisions inside the black box," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 10(2), pages 247-275, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:iecepo:v:10:y:2013:i:2:p:247-275 DOI: 10.1007/s10368-012-0207-6
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    Cited by:

    1. Williams, Christopher & Lukoianova (Vashchilko), Tatiana & Martinez, Candace A., 2017. "The moderating effect of bilateral investment treaty stringency on the relationship between political instability and subsidiary ownership choice," International Business Review, Elsevier, pages 1-11.
    2. Chenaf-Nicet, Dalila & Rougier, Eric, 2016. "The effect of macroeconomic instability on FDI flows: A gravity estimation of the impact of regional integration in the case of Euro-Mediterranean agreements," International Economics, Elsevier, pages 66-91.
    3. Dreher, Axel & Mikosch, Heiner & Voigt, Stefan, 2015. "Membership has its Privileges – The Effect of Membership in International Organizations on FDI," World Development, Elsevier, pages 346-358.
    4. Eric Neumayer & Peter Nunnenkamp & Martin Roy, 2016. "Are stricter investment rules contagious? Host country competition for foreign direct investment through international agreements," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), pages 177-213.
    5. repec:spr:weltar:v:153:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10290-017-0287-z is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Dominique Bruhn, 2015. "Coverage and enforceability of investment rules in PTAs: the role of global value chain trade and regulatory differences," FIW Working Paper series 142, FIW.
    7. Aisbett, Emma & Busse, Matthias & Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2016. "Bilateral investment treaties do work: Until they don't," Kiel Working Papers 2021, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    8. Liesbeth Colen & Damiaan Persyn & Andrea Guariso, 2014. "What type of FDI is attracted by bilateral investment treaties?," LICOS Discussion Papers 34614, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
    9. Cao, Thi Hong Vinh & Lu, Thi Thu Trang & Nguyen, Thi Viet Hoa, 2014. "The Impact of Heterogeneous Bilateral Investment Treaties (BIT) on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows to Vietnam," Papers 916, World Trade Institute.
    10. Todd Allee & Manfred Elsig, 2016. "Why do some international institutions contain strong dispute settlement provisions? New evidence from preferential trade agreements," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, pages 89-120.
    11. Bickenbach, Frank & Liu, Wan-Hsin & Li, Guoxue, 2015. "The EU-China bilateral investment agreement in negotiation: Motivation, conflicts and perspectives," Kiel Policy Brief 95, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    12. Michael Frenkel & Benedikt Walter, 2017. "Do Bilateral Investment Treaties Attract Foreign Direct Investment? The Role of International Dispute Settlement Provisions," WHU Working Paper Series - Economics Group 17-08, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management.
    13. Donaubauer, Julian & Neumayer, Eric & Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2017. "Winning or losing in investor-to-state dispute resolution: The role of arbitrator bias and experience," Kiel Working Papers 2074, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    14. Rod Falvey & Neil Foster-McGregor, 2017. "Heterogeneous effects of bilateral investment treaties," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), pages 631-656.
    15. Colen, Liesbeth & Persyn, Damiaan & Guariso, Andrea, 2016. "Bilateral Investment Treaties and FDI: Does the Sector Matter?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 193-206.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign direct investment; Bilateral investment treaties; Regional trade agreements; Admission rules; Investor-state dispute settlement; F21; F23; K33;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • K33 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - International Law

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