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Constraining Equitable Allocations of Tradable CO 2 Emission Quotas by Acceptability


  • M. Germain


  • V. van Steenberghe



Since the signing of the Kyoto Protocol, future commitments are likely to beframed in terms of tradable quotas. The discussions on the allocation of thequotas among countries will be based – at least partly – on rulescorresponding to a certain conception of equity. For instance, allocatingquotas in direct proportion to population, in relation to GDP or accordingto past emissions has been advocated. Taking a long term perspective, wecompute such allocations of tradable quotas with a dynamic (closed-loop)model. The total amount of quotas to be distributed at each periodcorresponds to the world optimal amount of emissions to be realized at eachperiod. We observe that most “equitable” allocation rules do not make theagreement individually rational for every country along the entire timepath. We then propose a mechanism which determines allocations of quotasthat are as close as possible to any “equitable” allocation while satisfyingindividual rationality. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Suggested Citation

  • M. Germain & V. van Steenberghe, 2003. "Constraining Equitable Allocations of Tradable CO 2 Emission Quotas by Acceptability," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 26(3), pages 469-492, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:enreec:v:26:y:2003:i:3:p:469-492
    DOI: 10.1023/B:EARE.0000003625.77571.9f

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kverndokk, S., 1992. "Tradeable CO2 Emission Permits: Initial Distribution as a Justice Problem," Memorandum 23/1992, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
    2. GERMAIN, Marc & TULKENS, Philippe & TULKENS , Henry & van YPERSELE, Jean-Pascal, 2002. "Side payments and international cooperation in a regionalised integrated assessment model for climate change," CORE Discussion Papers 2002019, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    3. Martin L. Weitzman, 2001. "Gamma Discounting," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(1), pages 260-271, March.
    4. William R. Cline, 1992. "Economics of Global Warming, The," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 39.
    5. GERMAIN, Marc & VAN YPERSELE, Jean-Pascal, 1999. "Financial transfers to sustain international cooperation in the climate change framework," CORE Discussion Papers 1999036, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    6. Hanley, Nick & Shogren, Jason, 2007. "Introduction," Journal of Forest Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2-3), pages 73-74, August.
    7. Germain, Marc & Toint, Philippe & Tulkens, Henry & de Zeeuw, Aart, 2003. "Transfers to sustain dynamic core-theoretic cooperation in international stock pollutant control," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 79-99, October.
    8. Adam Rose & Brandt Stevens & Jae Edmonds & Marshall Wise, 1998. "International Equity and Differentiation in Global Warming Policy," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 12(1), pages 25-51, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhou, P. & Wang, M., 2016. "Carbon dioxide emissions allocation: A review," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 125(C), pages 47-59.
    2. Nagashima, Miyuki & Dellink, Rob & van Ierland, Ekko & Weikard, Hans-Peter, 2009. "Stability of international climate coalitions -- A comparison of transfer schemes," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(5), pages 1476-1487, March.


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