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Direction-of-change forecasting using a volatility-based recurrent neural network

Author

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  • S. D. Bekiros

    (CeNDEF, Department of Quantitative Economics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

  • D. A. Georgoutsos

    (Department of Accounting and Finance, Athens University of Economics and Business, Athens, Greece)

Abstract

This paper investigates the profitability of a trading strategy, based on recurrent neural networks, that attempts to predict the direction-of-change of the market in the case of the NASDAQ composite index. The sample extends over the period 8 February 1971 to 7 April 1998, while the sub-period 8 April 1998 to 5 February 2002 has been reserved for out-of-sample testing purposes. We demonstrate that the incorporation in the trading rule of estimates of the conditional volatility changes strongly enhances its profitability, after the inclusion of transaction costs, during bear market periods. This improvement is being measured with respect to a nested model that does not include the volatility variable as well as to a buy-and-hold strategy. We suggest that our findings can be justified by invoking either the 'volatility feedback' theory or the existence of portfolio insurance schemes in the equity markets. Our results are also consistent with the view that volatility dependence produces sign dependence. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • S. D. Bekiros & D. A. Georgoutsos, 2008. "Direction-of-change forecasting using a volatility-based recurrent neural network," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(5), pages 407-417.
  • Handle: RePEc:jof:jforec:v:27:y:2008:i:5:p:407-417
    DOI: 10.1002/for.1063
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Roch, Oriol, 2013. "Histogram-based prediction of directional price relatives," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 110-115.
    2. Her-Jiun Sheu & Yu-Chen Wei, 2011. "Options Trading Based on the Forecasting of Volatility Direction with the Incorporation of Investor Sentiment," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(2), pages 31-47, March.
    3. Shiyi Chen & Wolfgang K. Härdle & Kiho Jeong, 2010. "Forecasting volatility with support vector machine-based GARCH model," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 29(4), pages 406-433.
    4. Stanislav Anatolyev & Natalia Kryzhanovskaya, 2009. "Directional Prediction of Returns under Asymmetric Loss: Direct and Indirect Approaches," Working Papers w0136, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR).
    5. Her-Jiun Sheu & Yu-Chen Wei, 2011. "Options Trading Based on the Forecasting of Volatility Direction with the Incorporation of Investor Sentiment," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(2), pages 31-47, March.
    6. Anatolyev Stanislav, 2009. "Multi-Market Direction-of-Change Modeling Using Dependence Ratios," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 13(1), pages 1-24, March.
    7. Sermpinis, Georgios & Theofilatos, Konstantinos & Karathanasopoulos, Andreas & Georgopoulos, Efstratios F. & Dunis, Christian, 2013. "Forecasting foreign exchange rates with adaptive neural networks using radial-basis functions and Particle Swarm Optimization," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 225(3), pages 528-540.
    8. Leoni Eleni Oikonomikou, 2016. "Comparing the market risk premia forecasts in JSE and NYSE equity markets," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 203, Courant Research Centre PEG.
    9. Luis H. R. Alvarez E. & Paavo Salminen, 2016. "Timing in the Presence of Directional Predictability: Optimal Stopping of Skew Brownian Motion," Papers 1608.04537, arXiv.org.

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