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FDI and labour market: empirical evidence from the states that joined the European Union in 2004



    () (Associate Professor, PhD., Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi, Romania;)


    () (PhD Student, Faculty of Biology, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi, Romania;)


The purpose of our study is to analyse the impact of FDI on the labour markets of the states that joined the EU in 2004, before and after the EU accession and in the context of the global economic crisis. To achieve this objective, we have investigated the literature and carried out a pooled OLS regression estimation. The analysis shows that, until 2003, FDI neither enhanced the labour force participation rate, nor reduced the youth unemployment in the analysed states. After EU adhesion, FDI had only one significant positive effect, exerted on real labour productivity, and negative effects on employment and labour force participation rate. In the context of the crisis, FDI had beneficial effects on the unemployment, but to a lesser extent on the youth unemployment. FDI did not have any significant effect on annual net earnings in none of the three periods.

Suggested Citation

  • Laura DIACONU (MAXIM) & Daniel STERBULEAC, 2017. "FDI and labour market: empirical evidence from the states that joined the European Union in 2004," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 9(3), pages 343-357, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:jes:wpaper:y:2017:v:9:i:3:p:343-357

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    foreign direct investment; labour market; employment; net income; labour productivity;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations


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