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The impact of greenfield FDI and mergers and acquisitions on innovation in Chinese high-tech industries

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  • Liu, Xiaohui
  • Zou, Huan

Abstract

Using panel data analysis, this paper investigates the impact of international technology spillovers on innovation in Chinese high-tech industries through greenfield foreign direct investment, cross-border mergers and acquisitions and trade. We report that foreign greenfield R&D activities by multinational corporations in a host country significantly affect the innovation performance of domestic firms and there exist both intra-industry and inter-industry spillovers from foreign greenfield R&D. There are only inter-industry M&A spillovers. We find that importing foreign technology and investing in domestic R&D have positive impacts on domestic innovation. The findings have important implications for theory, practitioners and policy-makers.

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  • Liu, Xiaohui & Zou, Huan, 2008. "The impact of greenfield FDI and mergers and acquisitions on innovation in Chinese high-tech industries," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 352-364, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:worbus:v:43:y:2008:i:3:p:352-364
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    6. Yi Qu & Yingqi Wei, 2017. "The Role of Domestic Institutions and FDI on Innovation—Evidence from Chinese Firms," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 16(2), pages 55-76, Summer.
    7. Chia-Lin Chang & Sung-Po Chen & Michael McAleer, 2013. "Globalization and knowledge spillover: international direct investment, exports and patents," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(4), pages 329-352, June.
    8. Vukicevic, Jelena & Fallon, Grahame & Ott, Ursula F., 2021. "A theoretical and empirical investigation into investment activities of technologically-intensive Chinese state-owned enterprises in the UK," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(1).
    9. Zheng Zhang & Yuping Deng & Sam Hak Kan Tang, 2019. "Do Foreign Mergers and Acquisitions Increase Acquired Firms’ Innovation? Evidence from Chinese Manufacturing Firms," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 52(1), pages 41-60, March.
    10. Hisham J. Bardesi, 2016. "The Impact Of Fdi On Growth Of Saudi Economy: An Empirical Evaluation Of Manufacturing Sector," Eurasian Journal of Economics and Finance, , vol. 4(3), pages 1-13.
    11. Stefano Elia & Surender Munjal & Vittoria G. Scalera, 0. "Sourcing Technological Knowledge Through Foreign Inward Licensing to Boost the Performance of Indian Firms: The Contingent Effects of Internal R&D and Business Group Affiliation," Management International Review, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-27.
    12. Jonas Kleineick & Andrea Ascani & Martijn Smit, 2020. "Multinational investments across Europe: a multilevel analysis," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 40(1), pages 67-105, April.
    13. Ying Zhou & Sukanlaya Sawang & Xiaohua Yang, 2016. "Understanding The Regional Innovation Capacity In China After Economic Reforms," International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 20(06), pages 1-36, August.
    14. Jiawei Wu & Yehua Dennis Wei & Wen Chen, 2020. "Spatial proximity, localized assets, and the changing geography of domestic mergers and acquisitions in transitional China," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(3), pages 954-976, September.
    15. Yuandi Wang & Lutao Ning & Jian Li & Martha Prevezer, 2016. "Foreign Direct Investment Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation in Chinese Regions: The Role of Regional Industrial Specialization and Diversity," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(5), pages 805-822, May.
    16. He, Xiyou & Mu, Qing, 2012. "How Chinese firms learn technology from transnational corporations: A comparison of the telecommunication and automobile industries," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 270-287.
    17. Yi Qu & Yingqi Wei & Tao Jiang & Nan Zheng, 2017. "Linking R&D strategy, national innovation system and FDI to firm performance," Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(1), pages 41-58, January.
    18. Dirk Holtbrügge & Sue Claire Berning, 2018. "Market Entry Strategies and Performance of Chinese Firms in Germany: The Moderating Effect of Home Government Support," Management International Review, Springer, vol. 58(1), pages 147-170, February.
    19. David de Matias Batalla, 2016. "Factores Clave De Las Inversiones Grenfield Investment Españolas: Transferencia Internacional De Actividades De I+D”," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 25(2), pages 41-56.
    20. Reddy, Kotapati Srinivasa, 2015. "Macroeconomic Change, and Cross-border Mergers and Acquisitions: The Indian Experience, 1991-2010," MPRA Paper 63562, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2015.

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