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Determinants of FDI Spillover in the Kenyan Manufacturing Industry: Firm-Level Evidence


  • Geoffrey G. Gachino

    (Faculty of Business Administration, University of Dubai, United Arab Emirates)


Technological spillovers from foreign direct investment and their determinants and impacts in a host country¡¦s growth process are some of the most widely debated issues in development economics. The proponents of endogenous growth theory and evolutionary economics contend strongly that spillovers have positive ramifications for economic growth. This paper adopts a framework re-conceptualizing spillovers in terms of learning and capability building to examine the determinants of spillovers in the Kenyan manufacturing industry. From the results, key determinants of spillovers included systemic support structure, absorptive capacity, firm learning, systemic embeddedness, firm training, and trade orientation. The findings provide possible implications for policy makers.

Suggested Citation

  • Geoffrey G. Gachino, 2011. "Determinants of FDI Spillover in the Kenyan Manufacturing Industry: Firm-Level Evidence," International Journal of Business and Economics, College of Business and College of Finance, Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan, vol. 10(3), pages 235-255, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ijb:journl:v:10:y:2011:i:3:p:235-255

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Romer, Paul, 1993. "Idea gaps and object gaps in economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 543-573, December.
    2. Ann E. Harrison & Brian J. Aitken, 1999. "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 605-618, June.
    3. Beata Smarzynska Javorcik, 2004. "Does Foreign Direct Investment Increase the Productivity of Domestic Firms? In Search of Spillovers Through Backward Linkages," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(3), pages 605-627, June.
    4. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    5. Klaus E Meyer & Evis Sinani, 2009. "When and where does foreign direct investment generate positive spillovers? A meta-analysis," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 40(7), pages 1075-1094, September.
    6. Patel, Pari & Vega, Modesto, 1999. "Patterns of internationalisation of corporate technology: location vs. home country advantages1," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(2-3), pages 145-155, March.
    7. Rossitza B. Wooster & David S. Diebel, 2010. "Productivity Spillovers from Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries: A Meta-Regression Analysis," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(s1), pages 640-655, August.
    8. Geoffrey G. Gachino, 2010. "Foreign Direct Investment and Firm Level Productivity in Kenyan Manufacturing: A Panel Data Analysis," Institutions and Economies (formerly known as International Journal of Institutions and Economies), Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, vol. 2(1), pages 17-57, April.
    9. Westphal, Larry E, 1990. "Industrial Policy in an Export-Propelled Economy: Lessons from South Korea's Experience," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 4(3), pages 41-59, Summer.
    10. Peter J Buckley & Jeremy Clegg & Chengqi Wang, 2007. "Is the relationship between inward FDI and spillover effects linear? An empirical examination of the case of China," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 38(3), pages 447-459, May.
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    More about this item


    foreign direct investment; technological spillovers; technological learning; systemic support structure; systemic embeddedness; Kenya;

    JEL classification:

    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O2 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy


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